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土耳其历史上的四次军事政变

时间:2016-07-17来源:历史故事网 作者:

血战麻将  ANZHAOAOSIMANTUERQIRENDEKANFA,QUANLILIBUKAIJUNDUI,JUNRENZAITUERQIDERENHEYIGELISHIJIEDUANDOUZHANJUZHEZHONGYAODEDIWEI,ERJUNRENZHENGZHIYIZHISHITUERQIDEZHUYAOZHENGZHIXINGSHI。

  

  XIANDAITUERQIDEZHENGZHITIZHIKEYIKANZUOSHI“BANJUNSHITONGZHI”HUO“YINXINGJUNSHITONGZHI”XIADEYOUXIANGONGHETIZHI,XIFANGYANJIUJIGOUSHENZHIJIANGQIZONGJIEWEI“WENGUANZHIZHENG、JUNRENJIANGUO”MOSHI。

  

  RANER,TUERQIMEICIJUNRENZHENGBIANDEMUDEDOUBUXIANGQITAGUOJIASUOFASHENGDENEIYANG——QITUZHANGWOZHENGQUAN、CHENGLIJUNRENDUCAIZHENGFU,ERSHIYAOQIDAOKUANGZHENGSHIBI、ANDINGRENXIN、BAOZHENGDUODANGMINZHUZHENGZHIZHENGCHANGFAZHANDEZUOYONG。

  

血战麻将  GUER,TUERQIJUNFANGZAIGUONEIYONGYOUCHONGGAOSHENGWANG。

  

血战麻将  JUTONGJI,CONGSHANGSHIJI60NIANDAIKAISHI,TUERQIJUNDUIWEIBAOZHENGGUOJIAZHENGZHI、JINGJIHESHEHUIWENDING,ZAIBUDAO40NIANNEIXIANHOUFADONG4CHANGZHENGBIAN,BEIRENWEISHIZAIGUANJIANSHIKESHITUERQIBIMIANZOUXIANGNEIZHAN、FENLIEHEDUCAI。

  

  【一、1960年5月27日,土耳其总参谋长古尔塞勒发动政变】

  

  SHANGSHIJI50NIANDAIHOUQI,YIMANDELIESIWEISHOUDEMINZHUDANGZHENGFU,ZAIJINGJISHANGGUODUTUICHONGZIYOUHUA,DAOZHIJINGJISHIKONG,MINZHONGDEBUMANRIYIJILEI。

  

  GENGZAOGAODESHI,YUANBENDIWEIYOUYUEDEJUNFANGJIANGLING,BUDANSHIQULECHONGGAODESHEHUIZHENGZHIDIWEI,ERQIEZAITONGHUOPENGZHANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,GONGZISHUIPINGYEDEBUDAOYINGYOUDEGAISHAN,YINQIJUNDUIHENDUOJIANGLINGDEQIANGLIEBUMAN。

  

  ZAIZHENGZHISHANG,MINZHUDANGLIYONGZAIYIHUIZHONGDEDUOSHUDIWEI,ZHUBUZHUANXIANGDUCAI。

  

  1960NIAN4YUE27RI,YIHUITONGGUOFALING,SHOUQUANDIAOCHAWEIYUANHUICHAJINCHUBANWU、FENGBIBAOGUAN、JINZHIZHENGZHIHUODONG、DAIBURENHEWEIFANGUIDINGDEREN。

  

血战麻将  28RI,YISITANBUERBAOFALEFANDUIMANDELIESIDUCAIDEXUESHENGSHIWEI,JUNJINGXIANGXUESHENGKAIQIANG,ZAOCHENG5RENSIWANG,DUORENSHOUSHANG。

  

血战麻将  5YUE27RITUERQIZONGCANMOUZHANGGUERSAILEFADONGZHENGBIAN,YIMIAOSHIXIANFA、SHIXINGDUCAIDEZUIMING,DAIBULEZONGTONGBAIYAER、ZONGLIMANDELIESIJIMINZHUDANGDABUFENYIYUANHEXIANGDANGYIBUFENGUANYUAN,ZHENGBIANZAIMEIYOULIUXUEDEQINGKUANGXIAWEIQUANGUOCHENGREN。

  

时任土耳其总理曼德列斯(右二)被军方逮捕。

  时任土耳其总理曼德列斯(右二)被军方逮捕。

  

  SUIHOUBAIYAER、MANDELIESIHEQITAGAOGUANBEIKONGPANGUOZUI、LANYONGGONGGONGZIJINHEFEICHUXIANFAZUI。

  

血战麻将  1961NIAN9YUE,MANDELIESIJIWAIJIAOBUZHANG、CAIZHENGBUZHANGBEICHUJUE,BAIYAERBEIPANWUQITUXING。ERTUJUNFANGZEYU1GEYUEHOUHAIZHENGYUMIN,GUERSAILEBEIXUANWEIZONGTONG。

  

  ZHEICHANGZHENGBIANDUITUERQIJUYOUSHENYUANYINGXIANG,JUNDUICONGCIBAITUOBUNENGGANZHENGDESHUFU。1961NIAN1YUE4RITONGGUODEWUZHUANGBUDUINEIBUFAANSHIJUNFANGGANYUZHENGZHIHEFAHUA,ZAISUIHOUDEZHENGBIANHUOZHENGBIANCHANGSHIZHONG,JUNRENMENDOUNACHUZHEIYIFAANZHENGMINGZIJIHEFAGANYUZHENGZHI。

  

  【二、1971年,军方一份备忘录就让政府垮台】

  

  BUTONGYUQITAGUOJIAJUNSHIZHENGBIANCHANGBANSUIZHEJILIECHONGTU,ZAIGUONEIYONGYOUCHONGGAOSHENGWANGDETUERQIJUNFANGJIEGUANZHENGQUANSHENZHIZHIXUYAOYIFENBEIWANGLU。

  

血战麻将  SHANGSHIJI60NIANDAIMO,BAOLIHEDONGDANGKUNRAOZHETUERQI,JIETOUBAOLI、GONGRENBAGONGHEZHENGZHIANSHACIQIBIFU。ERCISHIZHIZHENGDEZHENGYIDANGZHENGFU,YECHUYUNEIBUGEPAIXIDEFENZHENGZHONG。

  

血战麻将  1971NIAN1YUE,TUERQIZHENGFUWULIEZHIXIAOYUANHEJIETOUBAOLI,YEWUFATONGGUOSHEHUIHEJINRONGGAIGEDERENHEZHONGYAOYIAN。JUNDUICHUSHOUDESHIKEZAIDUDAOLAI。

  

  3月12日,土耳其总参谋长塔马奇上将向政府发出一份备忘录,要求组建一个强有力和可信的政府,结束混乱状态。如果这些要求不能被满足,军队将“行使宪法赋予的职责”,接管政权。www.ai-chen.com

  

血战麻将  ZONGLIDEMILEIERZAIYUNEIGECHENGYUANJUXING3GEXIAOSHIHUITANHOU,XUANBUCIZHI。

  

  【三、1980年,铁腕统治引发的政变】

  

  ZAISHANGSHIJI70NIANDAIDEZUIHOUJINIAN,TUERQIJINGJIZAIDUXIANRUSHUAITUI,YOUCIDAOZHIQIANSUOWEIYOUDEZHENGZHIBAOLIZAITUERQIBAOFA,ZHENGGE70NIANDAIZHENGZHIBAOLISIWANGRENSHUCHAOGUO5000REN。

  

  1979NIAN9YUE11RI,WUZHUANGBUDUIZONGCANMOUZHANGAIFULUNMINGLINGXIASHUTIJIAOBAOGAO,FENXISHIFOUYINGJINXINGZHENGBIANHUOZHIXUJINGGAOZHENGFU。JUNFANGZHIKUDEGUANDIANSHI,XUYAOYICHANGZHENGBIAN。

  

  1980NIAN3YUE,AIFULUNSHOUDAOXIASHUTIJIAODEDIERFENBAOGAO,JIANYIJUNFANGGAOCENGBUYAOJIXUYOUYU,DEJINKUAIFADONGZHENGBIAN,FOUZEXIAJIJUNGUANKENENGHUIDANDUXINGDONG。AIFULUNZUIZHONGXIADINGLEJUEXIN。

  

  9YUE12RI,YOUAIFULUNLINGDAODEJUNFANGYIKENIYASHENGCHUXIANYISILANYUANJIAOZHIZHUYIDAYOUXINGHESHEHUIZHIXUHUNLUANWEIYOUFADONGWUZHUANGZHENGBIAN,DAIBUZHUYAOZHENGDANGLINGXIU、JINZHIZHENGDANGHUODONG,XUANBUJIESANYIHUIHENEIGE,CHENGLIGUOJIAANQUANWEIYUANHUI,JIEGUANGUOJIAQUANLI。

  

血战麻将  QICHUTUERQIMINZHONGSHIAIFULUNWEIYINGXIONG,YUANYINSHIJUNZHENGFUJIEGUANZHENGQUANYOULIYUZUZHIZUOYIHEYOUYISHILIDEZHENGDOU,BIMIANTUERQIXIANRUNEIZHANSHENYUAN。

  

  DANAIFULUNSUIHOUSHICHUTIEXUESHOUWAN,ZAIQUANGUOZHANKAIDAGUIMOSUQINGXINGDONG,CHENGQIANSHANGWANDERENSHOUDAOKAODA,TONGSHIJUNZHENGFUZHIJIEKONGZHIZHETUERQIDEDIANTAIHEDIANSHITAI,DUIYANLUNZIYOUDEGUANZHIYEGENGYANLI。

  

血战麻将  ZAIJIEXIALAI3NIANNEI,TUJUNFANGBANBUYUE800TIAOFALV,SHITUGOUJIANYIGEJUNSHIJILVYANMINGDESHEHUI。1982NIAN11YUE,AIFULUNGENJUXINXIANFAZHIJIECHENGWEITUERQIDIQIRENZONGTONG。

  

  【四、1997年的军事政变】

  

1997年的军事政变

  TUERQIZUIJINDEYICHANGZHENGBIANFASHENGZAI1997NIAN。ZHEIYINIANDE2YUE28RI,ZAIGUOJIAANQUANWEIYUANHUIYICHANGHUIYISHANG,JUNFANGDIJIAOYOUGUANSHISUZHUYIHEZHENGZHIHUAYISILANDEWENTI,LAIZIYISILANZHUYIZHENGDANGDENEIJIMEIDING·AIERBAKANZONGLIBEIPOQIANSHUBAOHUTUERQISHISUZHUYIDEJUEYI。

  

  BUJINRUCI,ZAIJUNFANGFACHUBEIWANGLUZHIHOU,AIERBAKANBEIPOCIZHI,TAHAIBEIJINZHIZAI5NIANNEICONGZHENG。

  

血战麻将  TUERQIYIMINGHAIJUNSHANGJIANGXINGRONGZHEICHANGZHENGBIANSHI“HOUXIANDAIZHUYIZHENGBIAN”,YINWEIZAIMEIYOUJIESANYIHUIHEZANTINGXIANFAQINGKUANGXIAJIUPOSHIAIERBAKANZHENGFUKUATAI。

  

  SHIZHIRUJIN,SUIRANTUERQIZONGLIAIERDUOANZUIJINJINIANDALIDAYAJUNFANGSHILI,DANTUJUNFANGRENGZAITUGUONEIBAOCHIZHEHENDAYINGXIANGLI。

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