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民国“天乳运动”:解放身体 止于至善

时间:2017-05-18来源:历史故事网 作者:

血战麻将  BUSHUOHUOXUBUZHIDAO,JINNIANSHIXIONGZHAOFAMINGZHENGZHENG100NIAN。RUGUOGENJUYANGEDEKAOGUFAXIAN,XIONGZHAODELISHIKEYIHENYOUJIU,ZHIZHUISUDAOGONGYUAN15SHIJIAODILITILUOERDONGBUDELANGBOGECHENGBAOCHUTUDEWENWU。DANSHIXIANDAIYIYISHANGDEXIONGZHAO,YIBANYI1914NIANYOUMEIGUORENMALI·FEIERPUSI·YAGEBU(MaryPhelpsJacob)DEGAILIANGBANBENWEIZHUN。YINWEIZHEIYINIAN,TAXIANGMEIGUOZHENGFUSHENQINGLEZHUANLIBAOHU。ERGENGWEIZHONGYAODEZESHI,JINGTAGAILIANGDEXIONGZHAOKEYIFANGBIANHEXIANDAIFUSHIDAPEI,XIUSHEN、TIXIONG,LINGNVXINGSHENTIQUXIANYUTEZHENGTUXIANCHULAI。

  

  1914NIAN,CONGGUOJISHANGKAN,SHIDIYICISHIJIEDAZHANKAIZHANDEYINIAN。JIEXIALAIDE4NIANSHIJIAN,YOUYUGANGTIEJINQUE,BUSHAOFUNVXIONGZHAONEIDEGANGSIDOUBEIZHENGYONGWEIJUNXUWUZI。ERTONGYANGSHIZHEINIAN,RANGWOMENBASHIYESUOXIAODAOZHONGGUO,ZESHIMINGUOSANNIAN,YUANSHIKAIZHENGZAIZHUNBEICINIANTADEJUNZHULIXIANDAYE。ZAINEIGEXIAOZHENGFUDENIANDAI,MINJIANDEWENHUAHUOLIDADEJINGREN。DANGSHIZHONGGUOYUSHIJIELIUXINGSHISHANGJIEGUIDESUDU,KONGPALINGJINTIANSHENGHUOZAIHULIANWANGSHIDAIDERENYEYAOTANWEIGUANZHI。

  

民国“天乳运动”

  XIONGZHAOFAMINGBUJIUJIUYIJINGCHUANRUZHONGGUO。WOMENHENNANZHAOCHUSHEISHIDIYIGECHUANDAIXIONGZHAODEREN,DANZHONGZHONGJIXIANGBIAOMING,ZHEIRENHENKENENGSHIGEXINGGONGZUOZHE。ERQIE,CHUXIANZAIDANGSHISHENGSEQUANMADESHANGHAI。1918NIAN,SHANGHAISHIYIYUANJIANGQUESHENGZAIZHIHANJIANGSUSHENGGONGSHUSHISHUO:“FUNVXIANLIUXINGYIZHONGYINYAOZHISHIXIAYIFU,SHIWEIBUCHENGTITONG,BUKANYUMUZHE。NVSHANSHOUBEIZELUCHU1CHIZUOYOU,NVKUZEDIAOGAOZHI1CHIYOUYU,JIZHISHUTIAN,NEIZECHUANYIFENHONGYANGSHABEIXIN,ERWAIZHAOYIYOUYANSHAZHISHASHAN,JIZHIJIROUJINLU。”ER1920NIAN,SHANGHAIZHENGFUZEFABUBUGAOCHENG,JINZHI“YIQIESUOCHUANYIFUHUOGUWEIDUANXIAOTANBEILUJINGHUOMOFANGYISHIBULUNBULEI”,BINGCHENGQI“ZHAOYAOGUOSHITIANBUWEIGUAI,SHIMAOZHENGKUA,CHENGHETITONG”“GUYIQIZHUANGYIFUYIZHITANBEI、LUJINGZHE,ZHUNQILIJIDAIAN,ZHAOZHANGCHENGBAN”,ANZHAOZHEIZEGONGGAODESHUOFA,NVZIZHIYAOCHUANZHEDIXIONGLURU、LUOLUGEBO、XIAOTUIDEFUZHUANG,JIUJIANGMIANLINDAIBURUYUZHIZAI。WOMENKEYINAOBUDANGSHISUOWEI“YOUSHANGFENGHUA”DEFUZHUANG,QISHIJIUSHIXIONGZHAO。

  

血战麻将  HELISHISHANGSUOYOUXINSHENGSHIWUDECHUXIANYIYANG,YOUBEIGUANDEFANDUIPAI,JIUYOULEGUANDEKAIMINGPAI。JIHUYUJIANGQUESHENGFANDUI“YINYAO”YIFUTONGSHI,ZHONGGUODIYIWEILIUYANGXINGXUEBOSHIZHANGJINGSHENG,ZAIQIZHEMINGDE《MEIDERENSHENGGUAN》YISHUZHONGPENGJISHUXIONG:“SHUXIONGSHINVZIMEIDEXINGZHENGBUNENGBIAOXIANCHULAI,XIONGPINGBIANRUNANZI,BUDANZIJIBUMEIERQIESHISHEHUISHILEDUOSHAOXINGQU。”——GUANGDONGHENKUAICHENGWEITINGZHISHUXIONGYUNDONGDEQIANXIAN。1927NIAN7YUE8RI,SHIRENGUANGDONGMINZHENGTINGTINGZHANG、ZHEMINGXUEZHEZHUJIAHUAZAI《MINGUORIBAO》SHANGKANDENG《JINZHIFUNVSHUXIONGTIAN》:“TINGZHANGYOUJIANJICI,JISIJIANGNVZISHUXIONGZHILOUXI,YANXINGJINGE。NIQINGYOUSHENGZHENGFUBUGAO,TONGXINGZUNZHAO,ZIBUGAORIQI,XIANSANGEYUENEI,SUOYOUQUANSHENGNVZI,YILVJINZHISHUXIONG,BINGTONGXINGBENSHENGGEFUNVJIGUANJIGEXIANZHANGSHEFAXUANCHUAN,WUQIYIXIANJINJUE。TANGYUXIANRENGYOUSHUXIONG,YIJINGCHAQUE,JICHUYIWUSHIYUANYISHANGZHIFAJIN……”ZHUJIAHUAYIFAKUANYANJINSHUXIONG,CONGCI,YICHANGHONGHONGLIELIEDE“TIANRUYUNDONG”LAKAIWEIMU。

  

血战麻将  “TIANRUYUNDONG”ZHIMING,DANGRANSHIYU“TIANZUYUNDONG”YAOXIANGHUYING。MINGUOCHUNIAN,CHAOYEGEFANGXIANGJINBANFAFEICHUCHANZULOUXI。RANER,WULUNSHI“TIANZU”HAISHI“TIANRU”,QIBEIHOUDELUOJIQUEDOUBUSHIWEILENVXINGSHENTIDEJIEFANG,ERSHIWEILEJINXINGYICHANGZHENDUIZHONGGUORENGUOMINXINGDEDAGAIZAO。

  

血战麻将  XIANGGANGXUEZHEWUHAOZAI《DOUHUIYUNSHANG》YISHUZHONGSHUO:“DUANDUANSHIWUNIANGUANGJING,NENGBAYOUYOUYIQIANNIANCHANZUEXIJIECHU,XIAOJIAOGEMINGZHISUOYICHENGGONGKUAISU,CHUFUNVJUEXINGDEYUANGUWAI,HAISHIZHENGZHIXINGSHISHIRAN。QIYI,WANQINGZHENGCHUYUNEIYOUWAIHUAN,BINGHUANGMALUAN,CHANZUFUNVJINGLIANBIZAITAONANYEWUNENGWEILI,‘YIDANYUBINGXIAN,YUZAIHAI,CUNBUNANYI,ZHIYOUXUNSIYIFA,SHANGXINCANMU’。QIER,HENDUOLUNZHERENWEICHANZUFUNVSHENGUIRUOZHI,DUOBINGQIEYAO。MUTIRUO,ZEXIANTIANZHENGBO,ERSHENGZIYIRUO,‘GUOFEIRENBULI,YIRUOYUNRUO,RUOWUYISHI,ERGUOQIESUIZHIYI!’JIANGGUOJIAHEMINZUCUNWANGYUNVRENDESHENTICHESHANGGUANXI,JIUZAIZHEISHIQIKAISHILE,FANCHANZUYEXIANGZHENGZHEFANDIGUOZHUYI。”

  

  YUWOMENYINXIANGZHONGBUTONGDESHI,DUI“TIANZU”“TIANRU”DEZUIDAFANDUISHENGYINBINGFEILAIZICHUANTONGLIJIAOHUOZHESHIDAFU。MEIGUOGELUNBIYADAXUELISHIJIAOSHOUGAOYANYI,ZAITAZHEMINGDE《CHANZU:JINLIANCHONGBAISHENGJIERSHUAIDEYANBIAN》ZHONGZHICHU,ZHENZHENGZUAI“TIANZUYUNDONG”DESHILAIZIMINJIANDEBAOSHOUWENHUALILIANG,YOUQISHIDANGYIZHONGXIGUANBIANCHENGLESHENFEN、DIWEIDEXIANGZHENGZHIHOU,ZHEIZHONGBEIJIANGOUDECHUANTONG,CAISHIGETIJIEFANGDEZUIDAZULI。RUGUOWUFALIJIE,BUFANGHUANGEJIAODUXIANGXIANG,MANQINGNVRENBINGBUCHANZU,RUGUANQICHUYEJINZHIHANZUNVXINGCHANZU,DANQUEZAODAOHANZUNVXINGDEJILIEFANKANG。ZUIHOUSHIQINGTINGXUANZETUOXIE,SHENZHICHENGWEI“NANJIANGNVBUJIANG”ZHIMEITAN——YINWEIHANZUNANXINGDOUPOYUMANQINGYINWEITITOU。YUYINGSHIYECENGSHUO:“ZHENGRUDIBAIRUISHUODENEIYANG:‘CHANZUJINGCHANGBEIDANGZUOXIANSHIRUXUECANREN、NIUQU、NANQUANZHISHANGDEZUIEXIBIAOZHI。’DANSHIJISHANGZHENGRUTAQINGCHUDICHANMING,ZHEIZHONGQINFANNVRENQUANDEJIDUANXINGSHIYURUXUE、FOJIAOJUNHAOWUGUANXI。”(JIAN《MINZHU、RENQUANYURUJIAWENHUA》)

  

  NEIME,1920NIANDAIMINJIANZENYANGFANDUI“TIANRU”NI?YI1928NIAN7YUE《SHENBAO》DEYIPIANBAODAOWEILI,DANGSHIGUANGZHOUDASHATOUYIWEIGUANNIANJINBUDEXIANSHENG,DAIZHEMEIYOUSHUXIONGDEQIZICHUMEN。JIEGUO,QIQIZAILUSHANGLIANLIANBEIJIXIAOWEI“CUNXIAPO”。QIZIXIUKUINANDANG,LIKEXIANMAILEYIJIANXIAOSHAN,ZHAOLEGEYINBIDEDIFANG,BAXIONGSHUHAO,CAIYUANYIYUXIANSHENGJIXUGUANGJIE。HUANJUHUASHUO,MINGUOCHUNIANDENVRENBUBAZIJINONGCHENG“FEIJICHANG”,DOUBUHAOYISIGUANGJIE。LINGWAI,SUIRAN1927NIANZHUJIAHUAXIALINGSHUXIONGYAOFAKUAN,DANCINIANDEGUANGZHOUJIETOU,HAISHIYIPAISHUXIONGDEFENGGUANG,SHIWUBIANHUA。

  

  RUGUODUZHEYOUJIHUIKANDAOMINGUOCHUNIANSUOWEI“SHANGHAISHIDAMINGJI”DEZHAOPIAN,YEHUIJINGYADIFAXIAN,JIHUQUANDOUSHIPINGXIONG。ZAITAMENKUANDADEYIFUXIAMIAN,SHIJIANGXIONGBUBENGDEJINJINDE“XIAOMAJIA”。ZUOJIABAOTIANXIAOCENGZAI《LIUSHINIANLAIZHUANGFUZHI》ZHONGXIEDAO:“XIAOMAJIADUOBANYISIZHIPINWEIZHU,XIAOJIAZEYONGBU,DUIXIONGYOUMIMIDENIUKOU,BARENKUNZHU,YINCONGQIANDENIANQINGNVZI,YIXIONGBUGAOSONGWEIXIU,GUBAIJIYANHUZHI。”DANMEIGUOJINIAN,SHANGHAIZAIYICIYINLINGSHIDAIFENGCHAO。

  

  ZAI1920NIANDAIDESHANGHAI,MINJIANQIAORANLIUXINGQICHUANDAI“YIRU”(“YI”ZHE,JIAYE,BIRU“YIZHI”“YIYAN”“YIXIONG”DENGDENG)。KESHI,SHEILAIZUODIYIGECHIPANGXIEDEREN,QUECHENGWEILINGWAIDEDAWENTI。ZHENGRUSHANGWENSUOSHUO,WOMENXIANZAIYIWUCONGKAOZHENGJIUJINGSHISHEIDIYIGECHANGSHIDAI“YIRU”,DANSHICONGGONGKAIZILIAOLAIKAN,1930NIANDAIHONGJIYISHIDEYINGXINGRUANLINGYU,HUOXUSHIDIYIGESHENTILIXINGDEGONGZHONGRENWU。RUANLINGYUYIJINGZHANDEYANJIFEISHENGYINGTAN,BINGQIECHUANGLILEQIPAODEDUTEMEIXUE。CHUANTONGDEDUDOUZHIYOUZHEDANGDEXIAOGUO,ER“YIRU”QUEKEYITUXIANNVXINGGAOTIAODESHENCAI,JIANGXIONGBUTINGQI。DAISHANG“YIRU”DERUANLINGYU,FENGXIONG、XIYAO,YUQIPAODEJIANCAIYANGSHITIANYIWUFENG。RUANLINGYUCHUANDAI“YIRU”,BIAOZHIZHEZHONGSHIJIXISHIFUZHUANGKAISHIRONGHE。YUCITONGSHI,ZUOWEI“TIANZHIJIAOZI”DEMINGUO“GUANERDAI”,YEZAIZHUIQIUSHISHANG。1930NIAN,MINGUONEIWUZONGZHANGZHUGUIXINZHINVMINGYUANHONGYUN,CHUANZHEXISHIYONGZHUANGZAIBEIDAIHEYOUYONG——ZHEIJUDONGCHENGWEIDANGSHIBEISHOUZHENGYIDESHIJIAN。

  

  RUANLINGYUZHIHOU,SHANGHAITANDEYIZHEFENGSHANGHENKUAIFASHENGBIANHUA,XINGCHENGYI“LU、TOU、SHOU”WEIXINBIAOZHUNDESHENMEI。《SHENBAO》、《LINGLONG》ZAZHIDENGDANGSHIFAXINGLIANGJUDADEBAOKAN,DOUYOUXIONGZHAONAIZHIFENGXIONGDEGUANGGAO。JUSHUO,DANGSHICAISHIJISUIDEZHANGAILINGHENXIHUANCHUANGEZHONGSHISHANGDEFUZHUANG。

  

  ZHANGAILINGZAI1942NIAN(22SUI)CHUANGZUODE《GENGYIJI》ZHONGXIEDAO:“ZHONGGUONVZIZAIJINSHENBEIXINDEGONGYONGSHIZAIQIMIAO——YIFUZAIJINXIE,YIFUDIXIADEROUTIYEHAIBUSHIXIESHIPAIDEZUOFENG,KANSHANGQUBUDAXIANGGENVRENERXIANGYILVSHIHUN,ZHANGAODEZHIXIANYANZHIXIGAIWEIZHI,XIAMIANXUPIAOPIAOCHUIXIALETIAOZHAIZHAIDEKUGUAN……SHANGCENGJIEJIDENVZICHUMENXIQUN,ZAIJIALIZHICHUANYITIAOQIXIDEDUANKU,SIWAYEZHIDAOXIWEIZHI,KUYUWADEJIAOJIECHUOURANYEDADANDIBAOLULEXIGAI,CUNXINBULIANGDENVZIWANGWANGCONGAODICHUIXIATIAODOUXINGDEZHANGERKUANDEDANSESIZHIKUDAI,DAIDUANPIAOZHEPAISUI。”SHIDAIZHICHE,YIJINGSHUNLIQIDONG,“TIANRU”ZHISHIBUKEZUDANG,ERZHEIYESHIMINGUOBUSHANGSHIJIEWUTAIDEYIGESHUNJIAN。ZAICIZHIHOUDEJISHINIANHOU,ZHONGGUOZAIYICIZAOYUSHUXIONGNICHAO,NEISHIHOUHUALE。

  

血战麻将  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,MINGUOCHUNIAN“TIANXIONGYUNDONG”DECHUZHONG,QISHISHIWEILEGAIZAOZHONGGUORENDETIZHI。ZHEISHIZAIDAERWEN“YANHUALUN”BEIQUJIEWEI“JINHUALUN”GENGJIAFAZHANCHENG“SHEHUIDAERWENZHUYI”ZHIHOUDEYIGEBEIJU——RENMENJIANGNVXINGKANZUOSHENGYUGENGJIAYOULIANGRENZHONGDEGONGJU。DANSHIZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,NVXINGDESHENTIYEBURONGFOURENHUODELEMOUZHONGCHENGDUDEJIEFANG。HUOXUZAILISHIMIANQIAN,WOMENBUBITAIGUOJIJIAONEIGEYUANCHUDEMUDESHISHENME,GENGBUBIJUNIYUSHEILIYONGLESHEIZHILEIDEYINMOULUN,ERYINGGAIKANDAOZHENGJIANSHIDEJIEGUOSHIYOUYIDE——HUANJUHUASHUO,ZAIZHENGGEGUOCHENGZHONG,SHEISHUONVXINGYOUMEIYOUFANLIYONGNANXINGDENEIZHONGYOUZHIDE“GONGJUZHUYI”XINLINI?

  

血战麻将  SHENTIJIEFANG,ZHIYUZHISHAN。

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