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赵一曼简介

时间:2015-03-23来源:历史故事网 作者:
赵一曼简介

  赵一曼(1905年10月-1936年8月),原名李坤泰,又名李一超,人称李姐。四川省宜宾县白花镇人。中国共产党党员,抗日民族英雄,曾就读于莫斯科中山大学,毕业于黄埔军校六期。赵一曼血战麻将1935年担任东北抗日联军第三军二团政委,在与日寇的斗争中于1936年8月被捕就义。赵一曼留有诗篇《滨江述怀》,其故里宜宾有“赵一曼纪念馆”,相关电影有《赵一曼》《我的母亲赵一曼》等。2010年被评为“100位为新中国成立作出突出贡献的英雄模范人物”之一。

  

  生平简介

  

  早年经历

  

  1905NIAN10YUE27RIZHAOYIMANCHUSHENGZAISICHUANSHENGYIBINXIANBEIBUBAIYANGZUICUNYIGEFENGJIANDIZHUJIATING。FUQINLIHONGXU,CENGHUAQIANJUANLEGE“JIANSHENG”DEGONGMING,HOUZIXUEZHONGYI,WEIXIANGLIKANBING。MUQINLANMINGFU,CAOCHIJIAWU,GONGSHENGLIUNVSANNAN,YIMANPAIXINGWEIQI。1913NIAN8SUI,ZHAOYIMANRU“SISHU”XUEXI,CHENGJILIANGHAO。1918NIAN13SUI,FUQINSHIQU,YOUDAGELIXIRUHEDASAOZHOUBANGHANGUANJIA。

  

  1924NIANDAJIEFUZHENGYOUZHI(ZHONGGONGSHOUJIESICHUANSHENGWEIWEIYUAN)JIESHAOTAJIARUSHEHUIZHUYIQINGNIANTUAN。

  

  1926NIAN2YUE28RIKAORUYIBINNVZIZHONGXUE(XIANYIBINDIERZHONGXUE)。DUSHUSHI,BEIXUANWEINVZHONGXUESHENGHUICHANGWEIJIANJIAOJIGUGUZHANG、YIBINFULIANCHANGWEIHUIZHUXI。TONGNIAN,YIBINTEBIEZHIBUCHENGLISHI,TAJIYOUTUANYUANZHUANWEIGONGCHANDANGYUAN,TONGSHIDANRENYIBINFULIANHEXUELIANDANGTUANSHUJI。

  

  学习共产主义

  

  1926NIAN5YUE,“WUSA”YUNDONGYIZHOUNIANSHI,ZHENGSHIDIZHIYANGHUODEGAOCHAO。ZHAOYIMANANZHAOZHONGGONGDEZHISHIZUZHIDANGTUANYUANZAIXUESHENGZHONGXUANCHUAN,DIZHIYINGGUOMEIYOULUNCHUANKAOLONGYIBINMATOU,XUESHENGMENZAODAOLEWUZHUANGZHENYA,YOUCIYINFALEQUANCHENGBAGONG、BASHI、BAKE。1926NIANXIAJIARUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG。1926NIAN10YUE,ZHAOYIMANKAOJINWUHANHUANGPUJUNXIAO。11YUE,RUWUHANZHONGYANGJUNSHIZHENGZHIXUEXIAOXUEXI。

  

  1927NIAN9YUE,QUSULIANMOSIKEZHONGSHANDAXUEXUEXI。

  

  1928年冬奉命回国,赵一曼先后在宜昌,上海,江西等地从事秘密工作。1928年4月,赵一曼与湖南人陈达邦结婚。婚后不久怀孕。11月,赵一曼回到上海。12月,被派到宜昌工作。在宜昌产下一子。www.ai-chen.com取名“宁儿”。

  

血战麻将  1930NIAN,ZHAOYIMANDAIHAIZIHUIDAOSHANGHAI,BAOHAIZIJIYANGZAICHENDABANGDAGECHENYUEYUNJIA。

  

  领导抗日活动

  

  1931NIAN“JIUYIBA”SHIBIANHOU,DIAODAODONGBEI,ZAISHENYANGGONGCHANGZHONGLINGDAOGONGRENDOUZHENG。

  

血战麻将  1932NIANZHAOYIMANRENMANZHOUZONGGONGHUIMISHU,ZUZHIBUZHANG。

  

  1933NIAN,ZHAOYIMANRENHAERBINZONGGONGHUIDAILISHUJI。TONGNIAN4YUE,CANJIALINGDAOLEHAERBINDIANCHEGONGRENFANRIBAGONGDOUZHENG。WEIYANHUSHENFEN,TACENGTONGMANZHOUZONGGONGHUIFUZERENLAOCAO(HUANGWEIXIN)JIACHENGFUQI。

  

  1934NIANCHUN,ZHAOYIMANRENZHONGGONGZHUHEZHONGXINXIANWEIWEIYUAN、TIEBEIQUQUWEISHUJI,FADONGQUNZHONG,JIANLINONGMINYOUJIDUI,PEIHEKANGRIBUDUIZUOZHAN。HOUJIANRENDONGBEIRENMINGEMINGJUNDISANJUNDIERTUANZHENGZHIWEIYUAN,LVBUHUODONGYUHAERBINYIDONGDIQU,JIRIWEIYICHENZHONGDEDAJI。7YUE,TAFUHAERBINYIDONGDEKANGRIYOUJIQU,RENZHUHEZHONGXINXIANWEIWEIYUAN,HOURENZHUHEQUWEISHUJI,YIDUBEIKANGLIANZHANSHIWURENWEISHIZHAOSHANGZHIZONGSILINGDEMEIMEI。

  

  1935NIANQIU,ZHAOYIMANJIANRENDONGBEIRENMINGEMINGJUNDISANJUNYISHIERTUANZHENGWEI,QUNZHONGQINQIECHENGTA“SHOULI”、“LIJIE”,ERDANGDIZHANSHIMENZECHENGTAWEI“WOMENDENVZHENGWEI”。RIWEIBAOZHIYEJINGTANDEZHEIWEI“HONGQIANGBAIMA”DEFUNV。

  

  被捕牺牲

  

血战麻将  1935NIAN11YUE,ZAIYURIJUNZUOZHANZHONG,ZHAOYIMANWEIYANHUBUDUITUIBUFUSHANGHOUZAIHUNMIZHONGBEIFU。RIJUNWEILECONGZHAOYIMANKOUZHONGHUOQUDAOYOUJIAZHIDEQINGBAO,ZHAOLEYIMINGJUNYIDUIQITUISHANGJINXINGLEJIANDANZHILIAOHOU,LIANYEDUIQIJINXINGLESHENXUN。

  

  ZAIYUZHONG,RIBENRENDONGYONGKUXING,TAMEIYOUTULURENHEXINXI。ZHAOYIMANRENZHESHANGTONGNUCHIRIJUNQINLVEZHONGGUOYILAIDEGEZHONGDEZUIXING。RIJUNJIANZHAOYIMANBUKENQUFU,SHIYONGMABIANHENCHUOQITUIBUSHANGKOU。SHENFUZHONGSHANGDEZHAOYIMANBIAOXIANCHULEYIGEZHONGGUORENBAOWEIMINZUDEJUEXIN,TONGDEJICIHUNLEGUOQU,RENGJIANZHENBUQUSHUO:“WODEMUDE,WODEZHUYI,WODEXINNIAN,JIUSHIFANMANKANGRI。”MEISHUOCHUYIZIYOUGUANKANGLIANDEQINGKUANG。

  

  1935NIAN12YUE13RI,YINZHAOYIMANTUIBUSHANGSHIYANZHONG,SHENGMINGCHUIWEI,RIJUNWEIDEDAOZHONGYAOKOUGONG,JIANGTASONGDAOHAERBINSHILIYIYUANJINXINGJIANSHIZHILIAO。ZHAOYIMANZAIZHUYUANQIJIAN,LIYONGGEZHONGJIHUIXIANGKANSHOUTADEJINGCHADONGXIANXUNYUNVHUSHIHANYONGYIJINXINGFANRIAIGUOZHUYISIXIANGJIAOYU,SHOUDAOJIAOYUDELIANGRENJUEDINGBANGZHUZHAOYIMANTAOLIRIJUNMOZHANG。

  

血战麻将  1936NIAN6YUE28RI,DONGXIANXUNYUHANYONGYIJIANGZHAOYIMANBEICHUYIYUANSONGSHANGLESHIXIANGULAIDEXIAOQICHE,JINGGUOZHANZHUANHOU,ZHAOYIMANDAOLEACHENGXIANJINGNEIDEJINJIAWOPENGDONGXIANXUNDESHUSHUJIAZHONG。1936NIAN6YUE30RI,ZHAOYIMANZAIBENWANGKANGRIYOUJIQUDETUZHONGBUXINGBEIRIJUNZHUISHANG,ZAICILUORURIJUNDESHOULI。ZHAOYIMANBEIDAIHUIHAERBINHOU,RIBENJUNJINGDUITAJINXINGLELAOHUDENG、GUANLAJIAOSHUI,DIANXINGDENGKUXING。DANTASHIZHONGJIANZHENBUQU,MEIYOUTULURENHESHIQING。RIJUNZHIDAOCONGZHAOYIMANDEKOUZHONGDEBUDAOYOUYONGDEQINGBAO,JUEDINGBATASONGHUIZHUHEXIANCHUSI“SHIZHONG”。

  

  1936NIAN8YUE1RI,RIJUNJIANGTAYAWANGZHUHE。8YUE2RI,RIJUNJIANGQIBANGZAIDACHESHANG,ZAIZHUHEXIANCHENG“YOUJIESHIZHONG”。CISHI,ZHAOYIMANXISHENGZHIQIAN,MIANDUIDIRENDETUDAO,TAGAOHU“DADAORIBENDIGUOZHUYI”、“ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGWANSUI”DEKOUHAO。DANGZHAOYIMANANGSHOUZOUDAOXIAOBEIMENWAIDECAOPINGZHONGYANGSHI,JIGEJUNJINGDEQIANGKOUDUIZHUNTA。YIGERIJUNJUNGUANZOUDAOZHAOYIMANGENQIANWEN:“NIHAIYOUSHENMEHUAYAOJIANGMA?”ZHAOYIMANNUSHIZHE,BASHOUZHONGDEZHIJUANDIGUOQUSHUO:“BAZHEIXIEHUACHUANJIWOJIAXIANGDEERZI!”RIJUNGUANKANGUOZITIAO,XIANGJUNJINGMENMENGYIHUISHOU,ZUIEDEZIDANSHEJINZHAOYIMANDEQUTI,XISHENGYUZHUHEXIAN(JINHEILONGJIANGSHENGSHANGZHIXIAN)XIAOBEIMENWAI,NIANJIN31SUI。

  

  评价

  

  NIERONGZHENPINGJIAZHAOYIMAN:“ZHAOYIMANTONGZHIZAOZAIERSHINIANDAIJIUCANJIALEWODANGLINGDAODEHONGHONGLIELIEDEGANGEMINGDOUZHENG,BINGWEIMINZUJIEFANGXIANCHUZUIBAOGUIDESHENGMING!BIAOXIANLEZHONGHUANVERDEYINGXIONGQIGAIHEGONGCHANDANGYUANDEGAOGUIPINZHI。TADEWEIDADEYINGXIONGXINGXIANGHEGUANGHUIYEJIYONGYUANJILIZHEZHONGHUAERNVJIANYIBUBAKAITUOQIANJIN,WEIQUANRENLEIDEJIEFANGFENDOUBUXI!KANGRIMINZUYINGXIONGZHAOYIMANLIESHIYONGCHUIBUXIU!”

  

  DONGBIWUWEIZHAOYIMANFUSHI:“GEMINGCHAOSHENGZAGUPI,YIBINERNVDONGSHENGUI。YANNENGZHAOJIUYINGSHENGHUO?FENQICONGJUNBIANYIJI。BEIFAQIKAISHENGWEIZHONG,PANTUJUECEFANGONGNONG。ZHAOLAIRIKOUSHANDONGZU,MINZUWEIJIPOZAIFENG。BEIQUNANLAIDANGMINGYU,BUYINFUBINGXIEZIJIAN。GONGNONGJIEFANGXUCANYU,KANGRIMAOTOUYINGZAIXIAN。KANGWOWEISHENGJINGCHENGFU,BUQUYANXINGMAKOUCHOU。ZISHIZHONGHUAHAOERNV,ZHUHEXUEJISHIQIANQIU。”

  

  CHENYIPINGJIAZHAOYIMANDAO:“SHENGWEIRENMINGANBU,SIWEIGEMINGYINGXIONG。LINDIDAJIEBURU,YONGJIRENMINXINZHONG。”

  

  ZHAOYIMANBEIHAERBINRENMINZUNCHENGWEI“BAISHANHEISHUI”MINZUHUN,HAERBINSHIWEIDANGSHIYANJIUSHIZECHENGQIWEI“WANMINYONGYINVXIANFENG。”

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