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孙中山简介,孙中山怎么死的?

时间:2016-11-26来源:历史故事网 作者:
孙中山简介

  孙中山(1866年—1925年),名文,字载之,号日新,又号逸仙,幼名帝象,化名中山。祖籍广东省东莞县上沙村,生于广东省香山县(今属中山市)翠亨村的农民家庭。青少年时代受到广东人民斗争传统的影响,向往太平天国的革命事业。是中国近代民主主义革命的开拓者,中华民国和中国国民党的缔造者,三民主义的倡导者,被尊称为中华民国国父。首举彻底反封建的旗帜,“起共和而终二千年帝制”。是中国近代公认的三大伟人之一。

  

  生平年表

  

  投身民主革命

  

  1879NIAN(GUANGXUWUNIAN),SUNZHONGSHANSUIMUFUTANXIANGSHAN。TADEZHANGXIONGSUNMEIZIZHUSUNZHONGSHANXIANHOUZAITANXIANGSHAN、GUANGZHOU、XIANGGANGDENGDIBIJIAOXITONGDIJIESHOUXIFANGSHIDEJINDAIJIAOYU。

  

  1883~1885NIANDEZHONGFAZHANZHENGZHONG,SUNZHONGSHANMUDUQINGZHENGFUDEMAIGUO、ZHUANZHIHEFUBAI,KAISHICHANSHENGFANQINGHEYIZICHANJIEJIZHENGZHIFANGANGAIZAOZHONGGUODESIXIANG,JINGCHANGFABIAOFANQINGYANLUN,TONGSHIYUZAOQIDEGAILIANGZHUYIZHEHEQI、ZHENGGUANYINGDENGYOUSUOJIAOWANG。

  

  1892NIAN,SUNZHONGSHANBIYEYUXIANGGANGXIYISHUYUAN,SUIHOUZAIAOMEN、GUANGZHOUDENGDIYIMIANXINGYI,YIMIANJIENAFANQINGMIMIHUISHE,ZHUNBEICHUANGLIGEMINGTUANTI。

  

血战麻将  1894NIAN,SUNZHONGSHANSHANGSHUZHILIZONGDU、BEIYANGDACHENLIHONGZHANG,TICHU“RENNENGJINQICAI,DINENGJINQILI,WUNENGJINQIYONG,HUONENGCHANGQILIU”DEGAIGEZHUZHANG,DANWEIBEIJIESHOU。

  

  1894NIAN11YUE,SUNZHONGSHANCONGSHANGHAIQUTANXIANGSHAN,ZUZHIXINGZHONGHUI,YI“QUCHUDALU,HUIFUZHONGGUO,CHUANGLIHEZHONGZHENGFU”WEISHICI。

  

  1895NIAN2YUE,ZAIXIANGGANGLIANHEDANGDIAIGUOZHISHIFENZIDEZUZHIFURENWENSHE,JIANLIXIANGGANGXINGZHONGHUI。TONGNIAN10YUE,XINGZHONGHUIMIMOUZAIGUANGZHOUQIYI,SHIXIESHIBAI。SUNZHONGSHANBEIPOWANGMINGHAIWAI。

  

血战麻将  1896NIAN10YUE,ZAIYINGGUOLUNDUNCENGBEIQINGGONGSHIGUANYOUBU,JINGYINGGUOYOURENYINGJIUTUOXIAN。CIHOU,SUNZHONGSHANXIANGXIKAOCHAOUMEIGEGUODEJINGJI、ZHENGZHIZHUANGKUANG,YANJIULEDUOZHONGLIUPAIDEZHENGZHIXUESHUO,BINGYUOUMEIGEGUOJINBURENSHIJIECHU,CHANSHENGLEJUYOUTESEDEMINSHENGZHUYILILUN,SANMINZHUYISIXIANGYOUCICHUBUXINGCHENG。

  

血战麻将  1897NIAN,SUNZHONGSHANFURIBEN,JIEJIAOQICHAOYERENSHI。

  

血战麻将  1900NIAN10YUE,PAIZHENGSHILIANGDAOGUANGDONGHUIZHOU(JIHUIYANG)SANZHOUTIANFADONGQIYI。YIJUNFENZHANBANYUE,KAISHIPOWEIDESHOU,HOUYINXIANGXIEBUJIERSHIBAI。WUXUBIANFAYIHOU,YINRIBENYOUHAORENSHIDEHUODONG,SUNZHONGSHANYUKANGYOUWEI、LIANGQICHAOWEIDAIBIAODEGAILIANGPAICENGSHANGTANGUOHEZUOWENTI,DANYINGAILIANGPAIJIANCHIBAOHUANG、FANDUIGEMING,HEZUOWEINENGSHIXIAN。

  

  1904NIANSUNZHONGSHANZAIRIBEN、TANXIANGSHAN、YUENAN、XIANLUO(JITAIGUO)、MEIGUODENGDIDUIHUAQIAOJILIUXUESHENGXUANCHUANGEMING,1905NIANZAIBI、DE、FADENGGUODELIUXUESHENGZHONGJIANLILEGEMINGTUANTI,ZAICIQIJIANYEYUGUONEIDEGEMINGTUANTIHEGEMINGZHISHIJIANLILELIANXI。

  

血战麻将  1905NIAN8YUE,SUNZHONGSHANYUHUANGXINGDENGREN,YIXINGZHONGHUI、HUAXINGHUIDENGGEMINGTUANTIWEIJICHU,ZAIRIBENDONGJINGCHUANGJIANQUANGUOXINGDEZICHANJIEJIGEMINGDANGTONGMENGHUI,SUNZHONGSHANBEITUIJUWEIZONGLI,TASUOTICHUDE“QUCHUDALU,HUIFUZHONGHUA,CHUANGLIMINGUO,PINGJUNDIQUAN”DEGEMINGZONGZHIBEICAINAWEITONGMENGHUIGANGLING。ZAITONGMENGHUIJIGUANBAO《MINBAO》FAKANCIZHONG,SUNZHONGSHANSHOUCITICHUMINZU、MINQUAN、MINSHENGSANDAZHUYI。TONGMENGHUIDECHENGLI,YOULIDICUJINLEQUANGUOGEMINGYUNDONGDEFAZHAN。SUNZHONGSHANPAIRENDAOGUONEIWAIGEDIFAZHANZUZHI、XUANCHUANGEMING。TAZIJIYEZAI1905~1906NIANJIANFUDONGNANYAGEDIXIANGHUAQIAOXUANCHUANHEMUJIGEMINGJINGFEI,ZAIYIXIEDIFANGCHUANGLITONGMENGHUIDEZHIBU。TAGUANGFANCHUANBOZICHANJIEJIMINZHUGONGHESIXIANG,SHIGENGDUODERENTOUSHENYUFANQINGGEMING。SUNZHONGSHANLINGDAODEDUIGAILIANGPAIDEPIPAN,WEIXINHAIGEMINGDEBAOFAZUOLEYOULIDESIXIANGZHUNBEI。CONG1906~1911NIAN,TONGMENGHUIZAIHUANANGEDIZUZHIDUOCIWUZHUANGQIYI,SUNZHONGSHANWEIQIYIZHIDINGZHANLVEFANGZHEN,BINGZAIHAIWAIBENZOU,WEIQIYICHOUMUJINGFEI。

  

  1907NIAN12YUEZHENNANGUANQIYISHIHAIQINLINQIANXIANCANJIAZHANDOU。GECIQIYIDOUYINQUEFAQUNZHONGJICHU、ZUZHIBUGOUYANMIERSHIBAI,DANGEMINGDANGRENQIANPUHOUJI,YINGYONGZHANDOU,JIQINGZHENGFUYICHENZHONGDAJI,JIQUANGUORENMINYIJIDADEGUWU;TEBIESHI1911NIAN4YUE27RIDEGUANGZHOUHUANGHUAGANGZHIYI,ZAIQUANGUOYINQILEJUDAZHENDONG。

  

  推翻封建帝制

  

  1911NIAN10YUE10RI,WUCHANGQIYIBAOFA,GESHENGFENFENXIANGYING。SUNZHONGSHANZAIMEIGUODEZHIXIAOXIHOU,12YUEXIAXUNHUIGUO,JIBEI17SHENGDAIBIAOTUIJUWEIZHONGHUAMINGUOLINSHIDAZONGTONG。

  

血战麻将  1912NIAN1YUE1RI,ZAINANJINGXUANBUJIUZHI,ZUCHENGZHONGHUAMINGUOLINSHIZHENGFU。

  

血战麻将  1912NIAN2YUE12RI,QINGCHAOXUANTONGDI(PUYI)BEIPOXUANBUTUIWEI,JIESHUZHANGDA2000DUONIANDEJUNZHUZHUANZHIZHIDU,JIANLILEGONGHEGUO。SUNZHONGSHANZHIDINGHEGONGBUYIXILIEGAIGEHEJINBUDEFALING,3YUE11RI,BANBUDAIYOUZICHANJIEJIGONGHEGUOXIANFAXINGZHIDE《ZHONGHUAMINGUOLINSHIYUEFA》。

  

血战麻将  YOUYUSHOUDAODIGUOZHUYI、FENGJIANZHUYIDEQIANGDAYALIYUGEMINGDANGBENSHENDEHUANSANWULI,SUNZHONGSHANBEIPOZAIQINGDITUIWEIHOU,YU1912NIAN2YUE13RICIQULINSHIDAZONGTONGZHIWU,RANGWEIYUYUANSHIKAI,4YUE1RIZHENGSHIJIEZHI。CIHOUYINIANDUO,SUNZHONGSHANJIJIXUANCHUANMINSHENGZHUYI,HAOZHAOSHIXINGPINGJUNDIQUAN,TICHANGXINGBANSHIYE;HAIQINZIDANRENLEQUANGUOTIELUDUBAN,LITUCHOUJIEWAIZIXIUZHUTIELUGANXIAN。DANYINZHENGQUANLUOZAIYUANSHIKAISHOUZHONG,SUNZHONGSHANDENULIBINGWEIQUDECHENGGUO。

  

  1912NIAN8YUE,TONGMENGHUIGAIZUCHENGGUOMINDANG,SUNZHONGSHANBEITUIJUWEILISHIZHANG。

  

  1913NIAN3YUE,YUANSHIKAICISHAGUOMINDANGDAILILISHIZHANGSONGJIAOREN,SUNZHONGSHANZHUZHANGWULITAOYUAN。7YUEFADONGERCIGEMING,SHIBAIHOUZAIDULIUWANGRIBEN。

  

  1914NIAN6YUE,SUNZHONGSHANZAIDONGJINGZUZHIZHONGHUAGEMINGDANG,XIWANGHUIFUHEFAYANGTONGMENGHUIDEJINGSHEN。YUANSHIKAIFUPIDIZHISHIBAI,SUNZHONGSHANYU1915NIAN5YUECHUHUIDAOGUONEI,JIXUWEIHANWEIGONGHEZHIDUERDOUZHENG。XUANYOUFANRI,10YUE25RIZAIDONGJINGYUSONGQINGLINGJIEHUN。

  

  1917NIAN7YUE,YINDUANQIRUIWEISHOULINGDEBEIYANGJUNFAJIESANGUOHUIHEFEIQI《LINSHIYUEFA》,SUNZHONGSHANLIANHEXINANJUNFA,ZAIGUANGZHOUJIANLIJUNZHENGFU,BEITUIJUWEIDAYUANSHUAI,JINXINGHUFAZHANZHENG。DANSUNZHONGSHANZAIJUNZHENGFUNEIBEISHOUJUNFA、ZHENGKEDEPAIJI,BUDEBUYU1918NIAN5YUECIQUDAYUANSHUAIZHIWU。DIYICIHUFAZHANZHENGDESHIBAISHISUNZHONGSHANRENSHIDAONANBEIJUNFADOUSHIYIQIUZHIHE。CONG1918~1920NIAN,SUNZHONGSHANWANCHENGGUOQUYIZHESHOUZHUANXIEDE《JIANGUOFANGLVE》,DUIYIWANGDEGEMINGJINGYANJINXINGZONGJIE,TICHULEGAIZAOHEJIANSHEZHONGGUODEHONGWEIJIHUA。

  

  接受共产国际帮助

  

  1917NIANEGUOSHIYUEGEMINGSHENGLI,SUNZHONGSHANYU1918NIANXIAZHIDIANLIENINGHESUWEIAIZHENGFUZHUHEEGUOGEMINGDEWEIDASHENGLI。1919NIANDEWUSIYUNDONG,JIYUSUNZHONGSHANYIHENDADEGUWU,TAGAODUPINGJIAHEZHICHIXUESHENGYUNDONG。SUNZHONGSHANCONG1920NIANKAISHIYUSUERENSHIJIECHU,1921NIAN12YUEZAIGUILINHUIJIANGONGCHANGUOJIDAIBIAOMALIN,TAOLUNJIANLIGEMINGDANGHEGEMINGWUZHUANGWENTI。

  

血战麻将  1922NIAN4YUE,YOUZAIGUANGZHOUYUSUEDEQUANQUANDAIBIAOHUIJIAN,CONGHUANXIANGXIANGDIGUOZHUYIXUNQIUYUANZHUZHUANERXIWANGLIANE。

  

血战麻将  1919NIAN8YUE,SUNZHONGSHANWEIPAIHUHANMIN、ZHUZHIXIN、LIAOZHONGKAIDENGRENZAISHANGHAICHUANGBAN《JIANSHE》ZAZHI,DALIXUANCHUANMINZHUGEMINGLILUN。10YUE,XUANBUZHONGHUAGEMINGDANGGAIZUWEIZHONGGUOGUOMINDANG。

  

  1920NIAN8YUE,SUNZHONGSHANZHISHIZHUMIN、YUEJUNHUISHIGUANGDONG,QUZHULEGUIXIJUNFA。11YUE,SUNZHONGSHANHUIDAOGUANGZHOU,ZHONGJUHUFAQIZHI。

  

  1921NIAN5YUE,ZAIGUANGZHOUJIURENFEICHANGGUOHUITUIJUDEFEICHANGDAZONGTONG,JIEZHECHUSHIGUANGXI,XIAOMIELEGUIXIJUNFALURONGTINGDESHILI,ZHUNBEIYILIANGGUANGWEIGENJUDIBEIFA。

  

血战麻将  1922NIAN6YUE,CHENJIONGMINGFADONGPANLUAN,SUNZHONGSHANBEIPOLIKAIGUANGZHOUZAIFUSHANGHAI。CIHOU,SUNZHONGSHANJIESHOULESUEDEBANGZHU,TICHULIANE、LIANGONG、FUZHUNONGGONGDESANDAZHENGCE。

  

  1923NIANCHUQUZHUCHENJIONGMINGHOU,SUNZHONGSHANZAIGUANGZHOUZHONGJIANDAYUANSHUAIFU,BINGPAICHU“SUNYIXIANBOSHIDAIBIAOTUAN”FANGWENSULIAN,YAOQINGSULIANZHENGZHIHEJUNSHIGUWENDAOGUANGZHOUBANGZHUZHONGGUOGEMING。

  

血战麻将  1924NIAN1YUEZAIGUANGZHOUZHAOKAILEZHONGGUOGUOMINDANGDIYICIQUANGUODAIBIAODAHUI,TONGGUODANGGANG、DANGZHANG,ZHONGXINJIESHILESANMINZHUYI,TONGSHICHUANGBANHUANGPUJUNGUANXUEXIAO,XUNLIANGEMINGWUZHUANGGANBU。CHENJIONGMINGDEPANBIANSHISUNZHONGSHANXIANYUJIWEIKUNNANDEJINGDI,TAJUEXINJIESHOUGONGCHANGUOJIDEBANGZHU,HUANYINGLIDAZHAODENGGONGCHANDANGRENYIGERENSHENFENJIARUZHONGGUOGUOMINDANG。

  

  1923NIAN1YUE,YUSULIANDAIBIAOYUEFEIFABIAO《SUNWENYUEFEIXUANYAN》,DIANDINGLELIANEZHENGCEDEJICHU,SUIJIPAILIAOZHONGKAIFURIYUYUEFEITANPAN。

  

  1923NIAN1YUE,BIAOSHIFUCONGSUNZHONGSHANDEDIAN、GUIJUNDUIJIANGCHENJIONGMINGZHUCHUGUANGZHOU,2YUE,SUNZHONGSHANCONGSHANGHAIHUIDAOGUANGZHOUZHONGJIANLUHAIJUNDABENYING,YIDAYUANSHUAIMINGYITONGLVGEJUN,ZONGLIZHENGWU。YUCITONGSHI,ZHUBUJIAJINGAIZUZHONGGUOGUOMINDANGDEZHUNBEIGONGZUO。8YUE,PAICHUYIJIANGJIESHIWEISHOUDESUNYIXIANBOSHIDAIBIAOTUANDAOSULIANKAOCHAZHENGZHI、DANGWUHEJUNSHI。10YUE,PINQINGSULIANPAILAIDEBAOLUOTINGWEIGUWEN,JIEZHE,WEIRENLIAOZHONGKAI、TANPINGSHANDENGZUCHENGXINDEZHONGGUOGUOMINDANGLINSHIZHONGYANGZHIXINGWEIYUANHUI,FUZECHOUBEIGUOMINDANGDEGAIZUGONGZUO。

  

  重新解释三民主义

  

  1924NIAN1YUE,ZHONGGUOGUOMINDANGDIYICIQUANGUODAIBIAODAHUIZAIGUANGZHOUZHAOKAI,SUNZHONGSHANZHUCHILEDAHUI。DAHUITONGGUOXINDEDANGGANG、DANGZHANG,ZAISHIJISHANGQUELILELIANE、LIANGONG、FUZHUNONGGONGSANDAZHENGCE,XUANCHUZHONGYANGLINGDAOJIGOU。ZAIDAHUITONGGUODE《ZHONGGUOGUOMINDANGDIYICIQUANGUODAIBIAODAHUIXUANYAN》ZHONG,SUNZHONGSHANDUISANMINZHUYIZUOLEXINDEJIESHI,CHONGSHILEFANDI、FANFENGJIANDENEIRONG。ZHONGGUOGUOMINDANGDIYICIDAIBIAODAHUIDEZHAOKAI,BIAOZHIZHESUNZHONGSHANDEGEMINGSIXIANGHEGEMINGSHIYEFAZHANDAOLEYIGEXINJIEDUAN。

  

血战麻将  1924NIAN5YUE,SUNZHONGSHANZAIGUANGZHOUHUANGPUZHANGZHOUDAOCHUANGLILUJUNJUNGUANXUEXIAO,WEIJIANLIGEMINGJUNDUIDAXIAJICHU。

  

  中国革命的旗帜

  

血战麻将  SUNZHONGSHANZAOQICENGNULIZHENGQURI、YING、FA、MEIDENGGUOYUANZHUZHONGGUODEGEMINGHEJIANSHE,DANJUNWUSUOHUO。TAZAIDOUZHENGZHONGRENSHIDAO,YAOZHENGQUZHONGGUODULIFUQIANGJIUBIXUNULITUIFANDIGUOZHUYI。WANNIAN,TATONGDIGUOZHUYIJINXINGLEJIANJUEDEDOUZHENG。

  

血战麻将  1923NIAN12YUE,DIGUOZHUYIGEGUOYINGUANGDONGGEMINGZHENGFUJIELIUYUEHAIGUANGUANYUHEYAOQIUSHOUHUIHAIGUANZHUQUAN,JIZHONGDAPIJUNJIANDAOGUANGZHOUHEMIANDUISUNZHONGSHANJINXINGDONGHE。SUNZHONGSHANZAIGUANYUSHIJIANZHONGTAIDUGUODUANJIANJUE,POSHIDIGUOZHUYIGEGUOZAI1924NIAN5YUEYINGYUNZHAOFUGUANGDONGZHENGFUYINGDEDEGUANYU。

  

  1924NIAN10YUE,SUNZHONGSHANZHENYALEGUANGZHOUSHANGTUANFADONGDEWUZHUANGPANLUAN。

  

  1924NIAN10YUE,FENGXIJUNFADEZHANGZUOLINHEZHIXIJIANGLINGFENGYUXIANGLIANHETUIFANCAOKUNWEIZONGTONGDEZHIXIJUNFAZHENGQUAN。FENGYUXIANG、DUANQIRUI、ZHANGZUOLINXIANHOUDIANYAOSUNZHONGSHANBEISHANGGONGSHANGGUOSHI。SUNZHONGSHANJIESHOUYAOQING,BINGTICHUFEICHUBUPINGDENGTIAOYUE、ZHAOKAIGUOMINHUIYIZUOWEIJIEJUESHIJUDEBANFA。

  

  11YUE,LIGUANGZHOUBEISHANG,XIANDISHANGHAI,ZAIRAODAORIBENFUTIANJIN。

  

  12月底,扶病到达北京。

  

  1925年3月12日,因患肝癌在北京逝世。

  

  SHISHIQIANXIQIANSHUDEYIZHU,BAOKUO《GUOSHIYIZHU》、《JIASHIYIZHU》HE《ZHISUEYISHU》SANGEWENJIAN。ZAIGUOSHIYIZHUZHONG,TAZONGJIELE40NIANDEGEMINGJINGYAN,DECHUJIELUNSHUO:“BIXUHUANQIMINZHONG,JILIANHESHIJIESHANGYIPINGDENGDAIWOZHIMINZU,GONGTONGFENDOU。”FACHULE“GEMINGSHANGWEICHENGGONG,TONGZHIRENGXUNULI”DEHAOZHAO。

  

血战麻将  1929NIAN,YITIYOUBEIJINGYIZANGNANJINGZIJINSHAN。

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