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齐白石简介

时间:2014-04-25来源:历史故事网 作者:

  齐白石(1864年1月1日─1957年9月16日),男,生于湖南长沙府湘潭。原名纯芝,字渭青,号兰亭。后改名璜,字濒生,号白石、白石山翁、老萍、饿叟、借山吟馆主者、寄萍堂上老人、三百石印富翁。是近现代中国绘画大师,世界文化名人。早年曾为木工,后以卖画为生,五十七岁后定居北京。擅画花鸟、虫鱼、山水、人物,笔墨雄浑滋润,色彩浓艳明快,造型简练生动,意境淳厚朴实。所作鱼虾虫蟹,天趣横生。齐白石书工篆隶,取法于秦汉碑版,行书饶古拙之趣,篆刻自成一家,善写诗文。曾任中央美术学院名誉教授、中国美术家协会主席等职。代表作有《蛙声十里出山泉》《墨虾》等。着有《白石诗草》《白石老人自述》等。

  

  生平简历

  

  1864NIAN,1YUE1RI(NONGLIGUIHAINIAN11YUE22RI)SHENGYUHUNANZHANGSHAFUXIANGTANBAISHIPUXINGZIWUXINGDOUTANG。MINGCHUNZHI,ZIWEIQING,YOUZILANTING。27SUIGAIMINGHUANG,ZIPINSHENG,BIEHAOBAISHISHANREN,YOUHAOJIYUAN。

  

血战麻将  1870NIAN,CONGWAIZUFUZHOUYURUODUSHU,CHANGYONGXIZIBEN、ZHANGBOZHIZUOHUA。

  

血战麻将  1878NIAN,BAIZHOUZHIMEIWEISHIXUEXIDIAOHUAMUGONG。ZUOMUGONGZHIYU,YICANBEN《JIEZIYUAN》WEISHI,XIHUANIAO、RENWUHUA。

  

  1888NIAN,BAIMINJIANYIRENXIAOXIANGGAIWEISHIXUEHUAXIAOXIANG。

  

  1889NIAN,BAIHUQINYUAN、CHENSHAOFANWEISHIXUESHIWEN,DEHUQINYUANBANGZHU,TUOLIMUGONGSHENGHUO,ZHUANXIHUIHUA,WEIRENZUOXIAOXIANGYANGJIA。

  

血战麻将  1894NIAN,YUWANGZHONGYANDENGQIRENJIE“LONGSHANSHISHE”,BEITUIXUANWEISHEZHANG。HOUYULISONGANDENGJIE“LUOSHANSHISHE”,YIQIYINSHI、ZUOHUA、MOKEJINSHI。

  

血战麻将  1899NIAN,BAIXIANGTANMINGSHIWANGKAIYUNWEISHIXUEXISHIWEN。TONGNIANKANDIYITAOYINPU《JIYUANYINCUN》,YINXUEDINGJING、HUANGYI,GUIJUJINGMI,KEYILUANZHEN。

  

血战麻将  1900NIAN,JUZHUYULIANHUAFENGXIAMEIGONGCI,ZICHENG“BAIMEISHUWU”,BINGZAIYUANNEIGAIYIXIAOWU,MING“JIESHANYINGUAN”。ZHILIYUHUIHUA、ZUOSHI。

  

  1902NIAN,YINGXIAWUYIYAOQING,FUXIANJIAOHUA。ZAIXIANJIESHIFANFANSHAN,JINGUANFANSUOZANGBADASHANREN、JINNONGDENGMINGJIASHUHUA。SHINIAN,QIHUANIAOHUAFENGYIBIAN,ZOUSHANGXIEYIHUALUJING。

  

  1903NIAN,CONGXIANDAOBEIJING,JIESHICENGXI、LIRUIQUANDENG,QIJIANXIAWUYINIXIANGCIXITAIHOUTUIJIANQIBAISHIZUONEITINGGONGFENG,JIANCIZHI。XIATIAN,CONGBEIJINGGUOSHANGHAI,HUIHUNAN,CIWEI“WUCHUWUGUI”DEDIYICIYUANYOU。

  

  1904NIAN,SUIWANGKAIYUNFUJIANGXI,YOULUSHAN、NANCHANGDENGDI,KANYIN《BAISHICAOYIJINSHIKEHUA》,WANGKAIYUNWEIQIZUOXU。

  

  1905NIAN,FUGUANGXI,YOUGUILIN。YUCAIE、HUANGXINGXIANGSHI。

  

血战麻将  1906NIAN,CHUNJIEHOU,GUOWUZHOUJINGGUANGZHOUDAOQINZHOU,GUOBAOSHENGLIUQIJIAOHUA。BAOLANGUOSUOZANGXUWEI、BADA、JINNONGZHUMINGJIAZHENJI。YONGGONGZUOHUA,QIJIANCHANGWEIGUODAIBI。QIU,HUIXIANGTAN,YIJIAOHUAXINJINGOUZHIJIUWUBINGSHUSHIMUSHUITIAN。

  

血战麻将  1907NIAN,CHUNXIAZHIJIAO,ZAIFUQINZHOU,YOUZHAOQING、DUANXI。DONG,HUIXIANGTAN。

  

血战麻将  1908NIAN,CHUNTIANJIFUGUANGZHOU。SHINIAN,JINHUIXIANGTANXIAOZHUJITIAN,QIYUSHIJIANJIEZAIGUANGZHOUDUGUO。

  

  1909NIAN,ZAIGUANGZHOUGUOCHUNJIE,HOUQUQINZHOU。CHUXIAFUSHANGHAI,YIMAIHUAWEISHENG。XIAQIUZHIJIAN,YOUSUZHOU。WANGNANJINGBAIFANGLIMEIAN,WEIQIZHIYINSANFANG。10YUEFANHUIXIANGTAN,ZHICIJIESHU“WUCHUWUGUI”DEYUANYOUSHENGHUO。QIHOUZAIJIAXIANGQI“JIPINGTANG”,KAISHI8NIANDESHANJUSHENGHUO,QIANXINYINSHIZUOHUA。DUIBADASHANREN、SHITAODEHUANIAOHUADUOSUOQUFA,HUABIGENGJIANJIANLIAN,DANCAOCHONGXIESHENG,DUOGONGZHI,JIANHUOYIXIEYICHUZHI。SHUFAXUEJINNONG,DEQISHENSUI。

  

血战麻将  1917NIAN,WEIBITUFEIZHIRAOFUBEIJING。ZHENGGANSHANG“ZHANGXUNFUPI”,CONGCONGQUTIANJINBINAN。JUSHISHAODING,FUGUIBEIJING,ZAILIULICHANGNANZHIPUGUARUNGEMAIHUA 。QIJIANHELAOPENGYOUFANFANSHAN、XIAWUYI、GUOBAOSHENGDENGWANGLAISHENMI。BINGJIESHICHENSHICENG、YAOMANGFU、CHENBANDINGDENG。QIZHONGYUCHENSHICENGDINGJIAO,DUIWANNIANQIBAISHIYOUJIDAYINGXIANG。SHINIANDONG,LIJINGFANXIANG,XIANGJUYINIAN。

  

  1919NIAN,YUHUBAOZHUJIEHUN,CONGCIDINGJUBEIJING。

  

  1923NIAN,CHENSHICENGZAINANJINGBINGSHI,SHUCITISHITONGDAOHAOYOU。1925NIAN,CHUN,DABING,RENSHIBUZHIQIZHOUYE。WOBINGTAYUEYU,TINGZHIZUOHUA、KEYIN。MEILANFANGZHENGSHIBAISHIXUEHUA。。

  

血战麻将  1926NIAN,MUQIN、FUQINXIANGJIQUSHI。LIANGDUTINGZHIZUOHUA、KEYIN。

  

血战麻将  1927NIAN,YINGLINFENGMIANYAOQING,RENJIAOYUBEIJINGYISHUZHUANKEXUEXIAO。

  

  1928NIAN,YINXING《BAISHISHICAO》《JIESHANYINGUANSHICAO》(SHOUXIEBENYINGYIN)

  

  1933NIAN,YINXING《BAISHISHICAO》(BAJUANQIANYINBEN)

  

血战麻将  1936NIAN,YOUSICHUAN。ZAICHUANJIESHIHUANGBINHONG。

  

  1937NIAN,TINGXINZHANGSHASHUYISHANGSUANMINGSHUO,YONGMANTIANGUOHAIFA,ZISHU77SUI。SHINIAN7YUE,BEIPINGLUNXIAN,XINQINGBEIFEN,QINGYIBUJIANKE。

  

  1940NIAN,NONGLIZHENGYUE,QICHENJUNCHUNQUSHI,ZHUAN《JICHENFUREN》WEN。 WEIFANKANGRIKOUJIHANJIANDESAORAOSUOHUA,TIECHU“HUABUMAIYUGUANJIA”DEGAOBAI,XIEJUEJIANKE。

  

血战麻将  1944NIAN,1YUE,JISHIHUBAOZHUBINGGU。6YUE,JUJUEBEIPINGYIZHUANPEIJIYONGMEI。

  

  1946NIAN,KANGZHANJIESHU,FUYOUZAILIULICHANGGUARUNGE,HUIFUMAIHUAKEYIN。10YUE,QUNANJING、SHANGHAIBANHUAZHAN,200DUOZHANGHUAQUANBUMAICHU,DAIHUIYIKUNKUN“FABI”,RUTONGFEIZHI,JINGMAIBUDAO10DAIMIANFEN。

  

  1949NIAN,1YUE,BEIPINGJIEFANG。CANJIAZHOUENLAIZONGLIZHAODAIYANHUI。WEIMAOZEDONGKESHIYINLIANGFANG。DANRENZHONGYANGMEISHUXUEYUANMINGYUJIAOSHOU。

  

血战麻将  1950NIAN,BEIPINWEIZHONGYANGWENSHIGUANGUANYUAN。4YUEJIAN,CENGHEMAOZEDONGGONGJINWANCAN,ZHUDEZUOPEI。10YUE,BA82SUISHISUOZUODE《YING》HEZHUANSHUDUILIAN“HAIWEILONGSHIJIE,YUNSHIHEJIAXIANG”ZENGSONGMAOZEDONG。CANJIABEIJINGSHI“KANGMEIYUANCHAOSHUHUAYIMAIZHANLANHUI”。DONG,WEI《RENMINRIBAO》HUA《HEPINGGE》1951NIAN2YUE,HUAZUO10YUFUCANJIASHENYANGSHI“KANGMEIYUANCHAOSHUHUAYIMAIZHANLANHUI”。

  

  1952NIAN,YONGSANTIANSHIJIAN,WEIBEIJINGYATAIDIQUHEPINGDAHUICHUANGZUOZHANGERJUFU《BAIHUAYUHEPINGGE》。TONGNIAN,DUOCICHUANGZUOTIWEI《HEPINGSHENGLI》《HEPINGWANSUI》DEZUOPIN。

  

血战麻将  1953NIAN,1YUE7RI,BEIJINGWENHUAYISHUJIE200YURENCANJIA“QIBAISHI90SUISHENGRIQINGZHUHUI”,WENHUABUSHOUYUQIBAISHIJIECHUDERENMINYISHUJIACHENGHAO。ZHOUENLAICHUXILEWANJIANDEQINGZHUYANHUI。DANRENBEIJINGZHONGGUOHUAYANJIUHUIZHUXI10YUE,DANGXUANWEIZHONGGUOMEISHUJIAXIEHUIDIYIRENLISHIHUIZHUXI。

  

  1954NIAN,4YUE28RI,ZHONGGUOMEISHUJIAXIEHUIZAIGUGONGBOWUYUANJUBAN“QIBAISHIHUIHUAZHANLANHUI”8YUE,DANGXUANWEIQUANGUORENDADAIBIAO。9YUE15RI,CHUXISHOUJIEQUANGUORENDAIHUI。

  

血战麻将  1955NIAN6YUE,YUCHENBANDING、HEXIANGNINGDENG14WEIHUAJIAWEISHIJIEHEPINGDAHUIHEZUOJUFU《HEPINGSONG》

  

  1956NIAN,4YUE27RI,SHIJIEHEPINGLISHIHUIXUANBUSHOUYUQIBAISHIGUOJIHEPINGJIANGJIN,9YUE1RI,ZAIBEIJINGLONGZHONGJUXINGSHOUJIANGYISHI。ZHOUENLAIZONGLIQINZIDAOCHANGZHUHE。

  

血战麻将  1957NIAN,5YUE15RI,DANRENBEIJINGZHONGGUOHUAYUANMINGYUYUANZHANG。5--6YUEJIAN,ZUOZUIHOUYIFUZUOPIN《MUDAN》。9YUE16RI,ZAIBEIJINGYIYUANSHISHI。9YUE22RISHANGWUZAIJIAXINGSIJUXINGGONGJI,ZHOUENLAIZONGLIDENGZHONGYANGLINGDAOCANJIALEGONGJI。

  

  1963NIAN,QIBAISHIBEIXUANWEISHIJIESHIDAWENHUAMINGRENZHIYI。

  

  主要代表作品

  

  HUANIAOHUA

  

血战麻将  BAICAILUOBUXIAOJIMUDANTUPUTAOXINGHUATUFURONGYAZI

  

血战麻将  SIGUAWUYATUZHUHUOGUANGMINGSONGHETUZHEZHIHUAHUIJUANSHUINIUTUHEHUATU

  

  HEPINGGECAIHETUHONGMEISHUANGXIQINGZHUGUOQINGJIUQIUMOXIA

  

  YUXIATUMOXIETUYUXIAXIESHUIZUMOXIATUSUICHAOTU

  

  RENWUHUA

  

  RENWUPINGZHIZUIWENGTURENWUPINGZHIWANGFUTURENWUPINGZHIXIERTURENWUPINGZHIYUWENGTUSHINVTIAOPINGCITAOTU

  

  SHOUXINGGONGTIEGUAILIYINGXITUZHIYI PAIQIUYINGXITUZHIER WANTONGQIANTIAOERTUQINYUANFUZIWUSHISUIXIAOXIANGTU

  

  SHANSHUIHUA

  

  SHANSHUITUYUANSHANSONGLINTUWANZHUSHANJUTUHONGXINGYANYUSHIMENERSHISIJINGTU

  

  SHANSHUILIUPINGTULONGSHANQIZIJIESHANYINGUANSHANJIANRENJIATONGXITUFANGJIUTUYUNHAILINWUTU

  

  SHUFA

  

  XINGSHUXIEQIXINGSHUZONGLUXIANYULUXINGSHU“ZENGWU”MEN TIAOFANGSHITAOSHANSHUICEYETIJI

  

  ZHUANKE

  

  TUYABAIBUZUFUSHAOWENGHANMOWENZISANYUHUAIYULUHAIKE

  

  评价

  

  BIJIASUO:“QIBAISHIZHENSHIZHONGGUOLEBUQIDEYIWEIHUAJIA!ZHONGGUOHUASHIDUOSHENQIYA!QIBAISHIYONGSHUIMOHUADEYUERMEIYOUSHANGSE,QUESHIRENKANDAOZHANGHEYUYOUYU。

  

血战麻将  LANGSHAOJUN:ZAIWUCHANGSHUOZHIHOU,QIBAISHIJIANGZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHUHUATUIJINYIBU,SHURUXINDESHENGMINGXUEYE。QIBAISHISHIQUANCAI,QIBAISHIFUYUZUOPINYIZHIPOQINGXINDENONGMINQINGGAN,FUYUWENRENHUAXINGSHIYIXINDESHENGMINGLIHEXIANDAIXING。QIBAISHIZUOWEIYIGEZIZIBUJUANDEZHUIQIUZHE,ZAIZHANGDAYIGESHIJIDEFENDOUZHONGSUOXIANSHIDECHUANGZAOJINGSHEN,JUYOUKAIMOXING。

  

  YUQIUYU:DADIFUYULEQIBAISHIZHIGAODEYISHUCHENGJIU,ERQIBAISHIDEXINGGEYU“TIANQU”MIQIE,NONGMINBANDEPOSHI,HAITONGBANDETIANZHEN。QIBAISHISHIHUXIANGWENHUAHEJINGDOUWENHUADEJIEHE,ZIWOZAOHUAERCHENGDAQIDE。QIBAISHIYUHUXIANGWENHUAYOUZHESHENHOUDEYUANYUAN。

  

血战麻将  WANGZHONG:QIBAISHIZAIYISHUSHANGDECHENGGONG,GAOSUWOMEN:ZHENLISHIPOSUDE,YISHUDEZHENDISHIPINGFANERJIANPODE,HOUXIANDAIZHUYIZHEMENBAWENTIFUZAHUA,BUSHIBIEYOUYONGXINJIUSHILINGYOUNANYANZHIYIN。ZHIYAOGENZHIYURENMIN、GENZHIYUJIANKANGRENXINGJICHUSHANGZHIZHEDESHENMEILIXIANGHEXINNIAN,YOUBUDUANZUNXUNYISHUGUILVSHIJIANDEJIANQIANGYIZHI,ZHEISHIQIBAISHIYONGZISHENZUOWEIBANGYANG,LIUJIWOMEN21SHIJIZHONGGUOYISHUJIAZUIZHENGUIDEQISHI。

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