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唐太宗李世民简介

时间:2013-06-20来源:历史故事网 作者:

  唐太宗李世民(599年-649年),唐朝第二位皇帝,在位23年,年号贞观。名字取意“济世安民”,陇西成纪人。唐太宗李世民不仅是着名的政治家、军事家,还是一位书法家和诗人。生于开皇十八年(599年),早年随父亲李渊进军长安于618年建立唐朝,他率部征战天下,为大唐统一立下汗马功劳,被封为秦王、天策上将。626年玄武门之变夺位登基后,开创了着名的贞观之治,他虚心纳谏,厉行俭约,轻徭薄赋,使百姓休养生息,各民族融洽相处,国泰民安,对外开疆拓土,攻灭东突厥与薛延陀,重创高句丽,设立安西四镇,被各族人民尊称为天可汗,为后来唐朝全盛时期的开元盛世奠定了重要基础,“功大过微,故业不堕”,为后世明君之典范。庙号太宗,谥号文武大圣大广孝皇帝,葬于昭陵。

  

  生平介绍:

  

  TANGTAIZONGLISHIMIN(599NIAN1YUE23RI-649NIAN7YUE10RI),SHITANGCHAODIERWEIHUANGDI,626NIAN9YUE4RI-649NIAN7YUE10RIZAIWEI,NIANHAOZHENGUAN。TAMINGZIDEYISISHI「JISHIANMIN」。LISHIMINSHIYIWEIJIECHUDEJUNSHIJIA,ZAIWEIQIJIAN,QIDUITANGCHAODEJIANLIYUGUOJIADETONGYI,LIXIALEHEHEZHANGONG,BINGQUDELEJUEDINGXINGDEZUOYONG,TAAIHAOWENXUEYUSHUFA,BINGYOUMOBAOCHUANSHI。TANGCHAOJIANLIHOU,LISHIMINSHOUFENGWEIQINGUOGONG,HOUJINFENGWEIQINWANG,LVBUPINGDINGLEXUERENGAO、LIUWUZHOU、DOUJIANDE、WANGSHICHONGDENGJUNFA,ZUIZHONGTONGYIZHONGGUO。GONGYUAN626NIANFADONGXUANWUMENZHIBIANSHASIZIJIDEXIONGDITAIZILIJIANCHENG、QIWANGLIYUANJIERRENJIERRENZHUZI,BEILIWEITAIZI,TANGGAOZULIYUANBUJIUBEIPORANGWEI,LISHIMINJIWEI。LISHIMINJIWEIWEIDIZHIHOU,JIJITINGQUQUNCHENDEYIJIAN,YIWENZHITIANXIA,BINGKAIJIANGTUOTU,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGZHEMINGDEMINGJUN。TANGTAIZONGXUXINNAJIAN,ZAIGUONEILIXINGJIEYUE,BINGSHIBAIXINGNENGGOUXIUYANGSHENGXI,ZHONGWUSHIDESHEHUICHUXIANLEGUOTAIMINANDEJUMIAN,KAICHUANGLEZHONGGUOLISHISHANGZHEMINGDEZHENGUANZHIZHI,WEIHOULAIDEKAIYUANSHENGSHIDIANDINGLEZHONGYAODEJICHU。

  

  早年经历

  

血战麻将  TANGTAIZONGLISHIMIN,JUTANGCHAOSHIJIJIZAI:TAIZONGHUANGDISHIKAIHUANGSHIBANIAN12YUEWUWU(GONGYUAN599NIAN1YUE23RI)CHUSHENGYUSHANXIWUGONGBIEGUAN(JINSHANXISHENGWUGONGXIAN),SHITANGGAOZULIYUANYUDOUHUANGHOUDEERZI。SUICHAOMOLUANSHI,LIYUANHELISHIMINFUZICHENSHIYUJINYANG(JINSHANXITAIYUAN)QIBING,XINGJIANTANGCHAO。

  

血战麻将  GONGYUAN617NIAN(DAYESHISANNIAN)LIUYUE,YUQIXIONGLIJIANCHENGLVBINGGONGXIHE(JINFENYANG),SHOUZHANHUOSHENG,CUSHILIYUANJUEYIXIXIANGGUANZHONG。LISHIMINRENYOULINGJUNDADOUDU,TONGYOUSANJUN,FENGDUNHUANGJUNGONG。BUJIUGONGKEZHANGAN,LIYANGYOUWEIDI,YAOZUNYANGGUANGWEITAISHANGHUANG,YANGYOUBEIFENGLIYUANWEIJIAHUANGYUE、SHICHIJIE、DADOUDUNEIWAIZHUJUNSHI、SHANGSHULING、DACHENGXIANG,JINFENGTANGWANG,LISHIMINWEIJINGZHAOYIN,GAIFENGQINGONG。

  

血战麻将  GONGYUAN618NIAN(YININGERNIAN)SANYUE,LISHIMINWEIYOUYUANSHUAI,FENGFUJIGUOGONG。

  

  TONGNIANWUYUE,SUIGONGDIYANGYOUSHANWEIYUTANGCHAO,TANGWANGLIYUANJIHUANGDIWEI,GAIGUOHAOWEITANGCHAO,GAIYUANWUDE。WUDEYUANNIAN,YILISHIMINWEISHANGSHULING、YOUYIWEIDAJIANGJUN,JINFENGQINWANG。WUDESINIANBEIFENGWEITIANCESHANGJIANG。

  

  TANGCHAOJIANLIYIHOU,WEITONGYIQUANGUO,XIANHOUJINXINGLELIUCIDADEZHANYI。ZHEILIUGEZHANYILISHIMINJIUZHIHUILESIGE(QITALIANGGEZHANYISHIYOULIXIAOGONG、LIJINGZHIHUIDEPINGDINGJIANGLINGLIANGWANGXIAOXIANZHIZHANYUPINGDINGJIANGHUAIFUGONGSHIZHIZHAN),QUANBUQUDELESHENGLI,WEITANGCHAOLIXIALEHEHEZHANGONG:

  

血战麻将  DIYICISHIDUILONGYOUXUEJUFUZIJITUANDEZHANYI,TANGWUDEYUANNIAN,XUEJULVJUNJINGONGGUANZHONG,SHUANGFANGZAIXIANSHANXIZHANGWUXIANFASHENGJIZHAN,YOUYULISHIMINSHENGBING,LIUWENJINGBUTINGYUANSHUAIGAOJIEERTINGYINKAISHANZHIJI,CHUZHAN,BEIXUEJUSUOBAI,TUIHUIZHANGAN。DANBUJIU,LISHIMINBIANZAIQIANSHUIYUANZHIZHANCHEDIDABAIXUEJUN,XIAOMIELELONGDONGJITUAN。

  

血战麻将  DIERCI,LIUWUZHOUYIFUTUJUE,NANXIAJINGONGTANGCHAO,GONGZHANLEJINYANG,LISHIMINBUWEIJIANXIAN,ZHONGYUJIKUILEDIRENZHULI,BINGCHENGSHENGZHUIJI,LIANGTIANBUCHIFAN,SANTIANBUJIEJIA,YIRIBAZHAN,BAZHANJIESHENG,CHEDIXIAOMIELEDIJUN,SHOUFULEDIUSHIDETUDI。

  

血战麻将  DISANCISHIDUIWANGSHICHONGHEDOUJIANDEDEZHANYI。ZHEICIZHANYIGUIMOWEITANGTONGYIZHANZHENGZHONGZUIDADE。ZAIZHEICIZHANYIZHONG,LISHIMINXIANJIANGWANGSHICHONGJIBAI,WEIKUNZAILUOYANG,LINGQIWULIANGCAOGONGYING,DAIQIZIBI。JIUZAILUOYANGJIANGXIAWEIXIAZHISHI,HEBEIDEDOUJIANDEJUN10YUWANZHONGHAOCHENG30WANWEIJIUYUANWANGSHICHONG,TURANCHUXIANZAITANGJUNBEIHOU,LISHIMINLIPAIZHONGYI,QINLV3500RENZAIHULAOZHIZHANZHONGDABAIDOUJIANDEJUN,SHENGQINDOUJIANDE。LUOYANGDEWANGSHICHONGYEZHIDETOUJIANG,ZHEICILISHIMINYIJULIANGKE,QUDELEJUEDINGXINGDESHENGLI。

  

  DISICISHIPINGDINGLIUHEITADEZHANYI,LIUHEITASHIDOUJIANDEDEBUXIA,TADAZHEWEIDOUJIANDEFUCHOUDEQIHAO,ZAIHEBEIQIBINGFANTANG。LISHIMINZHIHUILEPINGDINGQIDIYICIQIBINGDEZHANYI,JINJINLIANGGEYUEJIUQUDELESHENGLI。

  

血战麻将  LISHIMINZICIWEIWANGRILONG,YOUQISHIZAIHULAOZHIZHANHOUJINRUZHANGANSHI,SHOUDAOBUFENJUNMINYIHUANGDIDELIYIZHAODAI。WUDESINIANDONG10YUE,FENGWEITIANCESHANGJIANG、LINGSITU、SHANDONGDAODAXINGTAISHANGSHULING,SHIYIZENGZHIERWANHU。GAOZUYOUXIAZHAOTEXUTIANCEFUZIZHIGUANSHU,YANRANXINGCHENGYIGEXIAOZHENGFUJIGOU。

  

血战麻将  LISHIMINZAIZHANDOUZHONGZHUZHONGZHANQIANZHENCHA,SUILVCIYUXIAN,DANMEICIZHANDOUDOUNENGZUODAOZHIJIZHIBI,SHANYUZHIZAOZHANJI,DANGDIQIANGWORUOSHI,TAJINGCHANGYONG“JIANBICUORUI”DEZHANFATUOKUADIREN,ZHANDOUZHONGSHENXIANSHIZU,QINZILVLINGQIBINGTUJIDIZHEN,SHENGLIHOUYONGZHUIQIONGKOU,BUJIDIRENCHUANXIZHIJI,YINCIHUODELEMEICIZHANYIDESHENGLI。ZAITONGYIBIANJIANGDEZHANZHENGZHONG,TAYUNCHOUWEIWO,JUESHENGQIANLI,MINGYUZHIJIANGXUANBALIANGCAI,QUDELEZHANZHENGDESHENGLI。LISHIMINYONGTAZHUOYUEDEJUNSHICAINENG,WEIDATANGSHENGSHIDEJIANLIHEFAZHANZUOCHULEJUDAGONGXIAN。

  

  登基

  

  XUANWUMENZHIBIANFASHENGYUTANGGAOZUWUDEJIUNIAN6YUE4RI(626NIAN)。618NIAN,LIYUANJIANLITANGCHAO,BINGLISHIZILIJIANCHENGWEITAIZI。TAIYUANQIBINGSHILISHIMINDEMOULVE,LIYUANCENGDAYINGTASHICHENGZHIHOULITAWEITAIZI。DANTIANXIAPINGDINGHOU,LISHIMINGONGMINGRISHENG,LIYUANQUEYOUYUBUJUE。TAIZILIJIANCHENGSUIJILIANHESIDIQIWANGLIYUANJI,PAIJILISHIMIN。LIYUANDEYOUROUGUADUAN,YESHICHAOZHONGZHENGLINGXIANGHUCHONGTU,JIASULEZHUZIDEBINGRONGXIANGJIAN。LIJIANCHENGCENGJINGXIADUHAILISHIMIN。WUDEJIUNIAN,TUJUEFANBIAN,LIJIANCHENGXIANGLIYUANJIANYIYOULIYUANJIZUOTONGSHUAICHUZHENGTUJUE,JIECIYAOBAWOZHUQINWANGDEBINGMA,BINGZHUNBEIZAIKUNMINGCHISHEFUBINGSHALISHIMIN。TAIZIFULVGENGCHENGWANGZHIBAZHEIYIMIYIGAOSULEQINWANG。LISHIMINZAIWEIJISHIKEJUEDINGBEISHUIYIZHAN,XIANFAZHIREN。QIANGXIANYIBUSHASIDAGELIJIANCHENGHESIDIQIWANGLIYUANJI,ZHEIJIUSHILISHISHANGYOUMINGDEXUANWUMENZHIBIAN。3TIANHOU(GUIHAI),LISHIMINBEILIWEIHUANGTAIZI,ZHAOYUE:“ZIJINJUNGUOSHUSHI,WUDAXIAOXIWEITAIZICHUJUE,RANHOUWENZOU”。2GEYUEHOULIYUANTUIWEI,LISHIMINDENGJI。TANGTAIZONGJIWEIHOU,JUANSIWEI,RENYONGXIANLIANG,XUHUAINAJIAN,SHIXINGQINGYAOBOFU、SHUHUANXINGFADEZHENGCE,BINGQIEJINXINGLEYIXILIEZHENGZHI、JUNSHIGAIGE,ZHONGYUCUCHENGLESHEHUIANDING、SHENGCHANFAZHANDESHENGPINGJINGXIANG,SHICHENGZHENGUANZHIZHI。ZHENGUANZHIZHISHIZHONGGUOFENGJIANSHIDAIZUIZHEMINGDE“ZHISHI”。ZHENGUANSINIAN(630),TANGTAIZONGQIANLIJINGPINGDINGDONGTUJUE,FULUJIELIKEHAN,JIECHULEBEIBIANDEWEIXIE;JIUNIAN,PINGDINGTUGUHUN,FUQIWANGMURONGFUYUN;SHISINIAN,YOUPAIHOUJUNJIPINGDINGGAOCHANGSHI,YUQIDIZHIXIZHOU,BINGZAIJIAOHECHENG(JINXINJIANGTULUFANXI)ZHIANXIDOUHUFU。TANGTAIZONGDUIDONGTUJUEJIANGZHONGJIYIFUYUTUJUEDEGEZUZHIXINGBIJIAOKAIMINGDEZHENGCE,SHOUDAOTAMENDEYONGDAI,YINERBEIZUNWEI“TIANKEHAN”。SHIWUNIANYIJIANGXIAWANGLIDAOZONGSONGWENCHENGGONGZHUHEQINYUTUFANDEZANPUSONGZANGANBU,FAZHANLEHAN、ZANGLIANGZUJIANDEJINGJIWENHUAJIAOLIU。DANTANGTAIZONGWANNIANHAIQINZHENGGAOJULI。TANGTAIZONGZUICHULIZHANGZILICHENGQIANWEITAIZI,HOULAIYOUAIZHONGDISIZIWEIWANGLITAI,LICHENGQIANYOUCICHANSHENGLEDUOSIZHIJU,QITUFADONGZHENGBIANCISHALITAI,MEIYOUCHENGGONG,BEIFEIWEISHUREN。TANGTAIZONGWEIFANGZHISHENHOUFASHENGXIONGDICHOUSHADEBEIJU,BIANWEIWANGLITAI,GAILIDIJIUZIJINWANGLIZHIWEITAIZI,JIYIHOUDETANGGAOZONG。

  

血战麻将  WUDEJIUNIAN(626NIAN)8YUE,YINTANGCHAOFASHENGXUANWUMENZHIBIAN,ZHENGJUBUWEN,DONGTUJUESIJIRUQIN,GONGZHIJUSHOUDOUZHANGANJIN40LIDEJINGYANG(JINSHANXIXIANYANGJINGYANGXIAN),JINGSHIZHENDONG。CISHI,ZHANGANBINGLIBUGUOSHUWAN,GANGGANGJIWEIDETANGTAIZONGLISHIMINBEIPOSHEYIBINGZHIJI,QINLVGAOSHILIAN、FANGXUANLINGDENG6QIZAIWEISHUIGEHEYUJIELIKEHANDUIHUA,NUCHIJIELI、TULIERKEHANBEIYUE。《TANGYULIN》JIZAITANGTAIZONG“KONGFUKU”ZENGYUJIELIKEHANJINBOCAIWU,YIQIUTUJUETUIJUN,BINGYUZHIJIE“WEISHUIZHIMENG”,TANGTAIZONGYU629NIANBAYUERENMINGLIJING、LIJI、CHAISHAO、LIDAOZONGDENGWEIXINGJUNZONGGUAN,CHUBINGZHENGTAODONGTUJUE。630NIANSANYUEJIELIBINGBAIBEIFU,DONGTUJUEMIEWANG。

  

  去世

  

血战麻将  ZHENGUANERSHIERNIAN(648NIAN)ZHENGYUE,TANGTAIZONGZHUANXIE《DIFAN》SHIERPIANBANCIJITAIZILIZHI。ZHENGUANERSHISANNIAN(649NIAN),TANGTAIZONGDELELIJI(YISHUOSHIFUYONGDANYAOBAOBING),YIZHIZUIZHONGWUXIAO,MINGTAIZILIZHIDAOJINYEMENDAILIGUOSHI。ZHENGUANERSHISANNIANWUYUENIANLIUJISIRI(649NIAN7YUE10RI)LISHIMINJIABENGYUZHONGNANSHANSHANGDECUIWEIGONGHANFENGDIAN,XIANGNIAN50SUI,ZAIWEI23NIAN,CHUSHIWENHUANGDI,MIAOHAOTAIZONG,647NIANJIASHIWENWUSHENGHUANGDI,749NIANJIASHIWENWUDASHENGHUANGDI,754NIANJIASHIWENWUDASHENGDAGUANGXIAOHUANGDI,ZANGYUZHAOLING(WEIYUJINZHONGGUOSHANXISHENGLIQUANXIANDONGBEI50DUOLISHANFENGSHANG)。

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