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周平王东迁洛邑:一招不能再失败的错误决策

时间:2018-01-06来源: 作者:

血战麻将  GONGYUANQIAN771NIAN,ZAIWEISHIYINIANDEZHOUYOUWANGZHONGYUZAINEIWAIGOUJIE、LIYINGWAIHEDEQINGKUANGXIAZHANBAIYULISHAN,BINGBEIQUANRONGSUOSHA。TADESIZHIJIEDAOZHISANGEJIEGUO:DIYI,YINZHENGLETAFUQINSHENGQIANDENEIGEYAOYAN;DIER,TACHONGAIDEMEIRENBAOSIYEBEIQUANRONGLUZOULE,ZHEIGEMEIRENDEJIEJURUHE,SHISHANGSHIBUHUIYOURENZAIGUANZHUDE,SHEIJIAOTASHIHONGYANHUOSHUI;DISAN,TADESIBIAOZHIZHEYIGESHIDAIDEJIESHU,YIGEXINSHIDAIDEDAOLAI。

  

  SHISHISHANG,YOUWANGZHIWANGGUO,JIBUSHIYINWEINEIGEYAOYAN,YAOYANBENSHENTOULUCHULAIDEYEXUZHENGSHIWANGSHINEIBUQUANLIDOUZHENGDEDAOGUANGJIANYING;YEBUSHIYINWEIYIGENVREN,DANNVRENDEBEIHOUQISHIJUJIAOZHEYIGEQUANLIDEJIAODIAN。KEXIDESHI,YOUWANGZHISISHANGBUZHIWEIHEERSI,YEXUTAZAILINSIZHIQIANYEHEHOURENYIYANG,HUIGANTANFEIWUZHIZUI,NAITIANYIYE。TANALIZHIDAO,TASHENBIANZAOJIUYOURENZAISUANJIZHETADEWEIZIHEQUANLI。TASUIRANYOUZUI,DANCONGSHIJIJIZAILAIKAN,HAOSEDEYOUWANGZENMEDOUBIBUGUOTANEICANNVEDEZUFULIWANG,LIWANGDECANBAODAOLEGUORENDAOLUYIMUDEDIBU,SHANGQIEBUGUOZAODAOLIUFANGDEXIACHANG,WEISHENMEYOUWANGQUEHUODELEBINAIZUYANZHONGSHIBEIYIZHIYUSHENSIGUOWANGDEXIACHANGNI?YAOYANYEHAO,FENGHUOYEBA,ZHIBUGUOSHIHOURENWEILEYANSHIZHEIYIQIEERSHIFANGDEYANMU,PIEKAIZHEIYANMU,MINGYANRENYIKANJIUZHIDAOSHIJIADE,ZHISHIYOUYUZHEIYANMUTAIQUZHETAIYOURENLE,JIQIANNIANLAIRENMENNINGYUANCHENMIYUQIJIAN。

  

周平王东迁洛邑

  幽王死后,他原来的太子宜臼在申侯的拥戴下继天子位,他就是周平王。另一派势力以虢公翰为代表拥立王子余臣在携地继天子位,史称携王。应该说,幽王死后,周朝并未灭亡,犬戎畏于诸侯的实力,很快就撤兵了。可是历史上为什么要说周朝灭亡了呢?新王即位为什么要迁都洛邑呢?

  

血战麻将  DUZHEIDUANLISHI,WOCENGDUOCIYONGSHANGZHEIYANGYIZHONGYIWEN,SHENHOUWEISHENMEBUJIEZHUZHONGYUANQITAZHUHOUGUOZHILILAIZAOFAN,QUEPIANPIANXUANZEYUZHONGYUANZHUGUOGONGTONGDEDIRENQUANRONGXIANGGOUJIENI?YAOZHIDAO,ZAIDANGSHI,BUGUANZENMEYANG,“FEIWOZULEI,QIXINBIYI”ZHEIYIYIXIAZHIDAFANGDEGUANNIANSHIZHONGSHIJIANRUPANSHI,BUKEHANDONGDE。ZHEIYIJUDONG,WULUNRUHESHIBUDERENXINDE。WEISHENMENI?WOXIANGWEIYIDELIYOUJIUSHISHENHOUDENGRENDEJUDONGSHIDEBUDAOZHONGYUANZHUHOUGUODEZHICHIDE,TAXIANGYAOZAOFAN,ZHIYOUJIEZHUYUBIEDELILIANG。ZHEIYEXUZHENGSHIRENMENYAOBAPINGWANGZHIHOUDEZHOUCHENGWEIDONGZHOUDEDIAOSUOZAI,GENGSHIPINGWANGDONGQIANZHIHOUDEBUDAOGUANGDAZHUHOUGUODEZHICHIHEYONGHU,WANGSHIXUNSUSHUAILUODEDIAOSUOZAI。

  

  SHISHISHANG,YOUWANGSIHOU,ZHOUCHAOBINGMEIYOUMIEWANG。YIFANGMIAN,LISHANYIYI,SUIRANYIYOUWANGSHENSIXUANGAOJIESHU,DANZHOUTIANZIGUANXIAXIADEGEZHUHOUGUOYIRANCUNZAI,MEIYOUSHANGJINDONGGU,ZHIYAOTAMENTUANJIEQILAI,SHILIYIRANSHIFENQIANGDA,DUIFUYIQUQUQUANRONGSHIXIAOCAIYIDIE,BUZAIHUAXIA。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YOUWANGDEJICHENGRENSUIJIZAIGONGYUANQIAN770NIANJIWEI,ZHOUSIDEYIYANXU,SHENZHICHUXIANLELIANGGEZHOUWANG。

  

血战麻将  TAISHIGONGSIMAQIANZUO《SHIJI》SHIYEBINGMEIYOUSHUODANGSHIYOULIANGGEZHOUCHAO,PINGWANGZHIQIANWEIXIZHOU,PINGWANGZHIHOUWEIDONGZHOU。NEIMELISHISHANGXIZHOUDONGZHOUZHIFEN,YOUSHIZENMELAIDENI?JIANDANDISHUO,NEISHIHOUSHILISHIXUEZHEWEIYANJIUFANGBIANQIJIANERHUAFENDE。ZHEIJIUZAOCHENGYIZHONGWUHUI,QISHI,MIEWANGDEZHISHIHOUSHILISHIXUEJIAYANZHONGDEXIZHOU,ZHENZHENGDEZHOUBINGMEIYOUMIEWANG。

  

血战麻将  NEIME,PINGWANGJIWEIZHIHOU,WEISHENMEYAODONGQIANNI?

  

  WOFENXI,YOUZHEIMEJIGEYUANYIN:

  

  YI,PINGWANGDONGQIANSHIZHUHOUGUOFENLIEDEBIAOZHI。SHISHUSUOZAIPINGWANGDONGQIANDADOULVEERBUXIANG,ZHISHUO“PINGWANGLI,DONGQIANYULUOYI”。ZHIYUWEISHENMEYAOQIANDOU,YESHIYUYANBUXIANG。《SHIJI》SHUOSHI“PIRONGKOU”。ZHEIDANGRANSHISHISHI,DANTANGTANGYIGEDAGUO,WEISHENMEDUIFUBULEQUANRONGNI?

  

血战麻将  WOMENBUDEBULAIKANKANQUANRONG。RONGSHIZHOURENDUIFENBUZAIZHOURENXIFANGMINZUDECHENGHU,CHENGBEIFANGDEMINZUZECHENGDI。YOUSHIYOUHUNCHENGXIBEIFANGMINZUWEIRONGHUODI。ZHEIXIEMINZUZAIYINSHANGZHISHI,JIUCHENGWEIJINGDI,SHIZAIWUDINGZHENGBEIFANGDEGUIFANG,LISANBAIDUOCIZHENGZHAN,SANNIANCAIDEYIPINGDING;DAOLEZHOU,QIBEIFANGHAIYOUGUIFANGHEYANYUN,YISHUOYANYUNJIUSHIQUANRONG,JINGCHANGSAORAOBIANJING。SUOYI《SHIJING》ZHONGJIUYOU“MISHIMIJIA,YANYUNZHIGU。BUHUANGQIJU,YANYUNZHIGU”,DOUBIAOMINGYANYUNDUIZHOUMINZUGOUCHENGLEQIANGDADEWEIXIE。DANZHOUJIANLIZHIQIAN,ZHOUWENWANGJIUSHIKAOZHENGFAXIRONGQIJIADE,YINER,MUWANGZHISHI,“QUANRONGSHIYIQIZHILAIWANG”;DANDAOLEZHOUMUWANGHOUQI,QUANRONGJIUBUZAILAICHAO,YUSHIYOULEXIZHENGQUANRONGZHIZHAN,ZHEIYICIZHANZHENGYI“HUOQIWUWANG,YOUDESIBAILU,SIBAILANG”JIESHU,QUANRONGBEIQIANDAOTAIYUAN(XIANZAIDEGANSUPINGLIANGYIDAI);ZHOUXUANWANGSHIYOUDUOCICHUJIYANYUN,BINGDUOCIDABAITAMEN。DANXUANWANGHOUQI,BINGFATAIYUAN,JINGRAN“BUKE”,CIHOUDUOCIYIWANGSHIBAIJIJIESHU。DANWANGSHISHIBAI,BINGBUBIAOMINGQUANRONGBUKEZHANSHENG,SHIZAIJINHOUJIUCENGDABAIQUANRONGYUFENSHUI。ZHEISHUOMING,ZHIYAOZHOUWANGCHAOTUANJIEQILAI,QUANRONGBUGUOGOUCHENGYIZHONGWEIXIE,SHANGBUZHIYUNEIMEKEPA。QIANMUXIANSHENGYEZHICHU:“《SHIJI》BUZHIQIJIANQUZHE,WEI‘PINGWANGBIQUANRONGDONGQIAN’,QUANRONGZHUPINGWANGSHAFU,NAIYOUFEIDI,BUBIBIYE。”

  

  SHISHISHANG,YOUWANGBEISHASHISHENHOUYUQUANRONGHEMOUZHIZUO,ZHOUPINGWANGSHISHENHOUDEWAISHENG,SUOYISHENHOUSHIWEIWAISHENGSHIJUNDUOWEI。XUGUOYUSHENGUOTONGXING,YECANYULIPINGWANG,YEYINGSHITONGMOU。DUISHENHOUHEZHOUPINGWANGERYAN,QUANRONGSHIYOUFEIDI,PINGWANGDONGQIANGENBENBUSHISHENME“BIQUANRONG”,ERSHISHENHOU、QUANRONG、ZHOUPINGWANGZHIJIANFENZANGDEJIEGUO。SUOYISHUO,RUGUOYIDINGYAOSHUODENGDAOWANGSHIWEIBIQUANRONGER“BEIPO”QIANDOUZHISHI,YEJIUYIWEIZHEZHOUTIANZIJIQISUOXIAZHUHOUGUOKAISHIFENLIE,BUNENGGONGTONGKANGJIWAIDIQINLVELE。

  

血战麻将  GONGYUANQIAN770NIAN,ZHOUPINGWANGZAIQINXIANGGONG、JINWENHOU、ZHENGWUGONG、WEIWUGONGDEDAIBINGHUSONGXIADONGQIANLUOYI(XIANZAIDELUOYANG)。SHAOHOU,XIEWANGZAIGUOGONGDEZHICHIXIAYECHENGWANG,XINGCHENGDUILIFENLIEZHISHI。

  

  ER,PINGWANGDONGQIANBINGFEIBUDEJI,WODEGUJI,JIYOUKENENGHAIYOUZHEIJIGEZHUHOUGUODEYAOQIU。GONGYUANQIAN771NIANSHUODAODISHIYICHANGNEILUAN,ZHANZHENGSUIZHEYOUWANGZHISIHEQUANRONGDEXIGUIERGAOJIESHU,SUIRANJISHOUDOUZAOCHENGLEBUKEWANHUIDEPOHUAIYUSUNSHI,DANQUANRONGDEMUDEBINGBUSHIYAOMIENIZHOUGUO,ERSHIWEILELVECAI。ZAISHUOBIJINGNEISHIWANGSHIJINGYINGLESHUBAINIANZHIJIUDEJIDI,BIQILUOYINEIKUAIXINDECHUNVDI,SHEIGENGSHIHEZUODOUCHENG,YIYANBIANLE。

  

  SAN,PINGWANGDONGQIANYUDANGSHIDEDONGQIANCHAOYOUGUAN。QIANMIANJIANGGUO,YOUWANGJIWEIZHICHU,JIFASHENGLECHUANJIESHANBENGDETIANZAI,ZAIDANGSHIDETIANMINGGUANNIANXIA,ZHEIBIANSHI“TIANBUDIAOZHOU”。YINER,BAOKUOZHOUDEGUIZUZAINEI,RENMENXIANGXIANGFANGSHEFATAOBIZHEICHANGDAZAINAN。ZHEIGESHIHOU,YIZHENGGUODEDONGQIANZUIWEIDIANXING。

  

  BENLAI,ZHENGGUOSHIZAIXIANZAIDESHANXIHUAXIANYIDAI,ZHEILISHISHUYUZHOUWANGJIZHINEI。ZHENGGUODEKAIGUOZHIJUNSHIZHOUHUANWANGZHIDI,SHIRENZHOUSITUDEZHENGHUANGONG。ZHEISHIYIGESHENDEMINXINDEZHONGCHEN,LIANTADOUYINWEI“WANGSHIDUOGU”,ERXINSHENGTAOBIZHINIAN。

  

  SHIZAI,TAXIANGTAISHIBOYANGFUQINGJIAO“QIHESUOKEYITAOSI”,BOYANGFUZHIDIANTASHEFATAOWANGZHONGYUANDEJI、LUO、HE、YINGYIDAI,ZHEIYIDAIJIUSHIGUOGUOHEKUAIGUOXIADI。YUSHIZHENGHUANGONGBIANTINGCONGBOYANGFUDEZHIDIAN,“NAIDONGJINUYUHUI,GUO、KUAISHOUZHI,SHIYIJIEYOUJIDI”。《GUOYU·ZHENGYU》HE《SHIJI》DOUJIZAIYOUZHEIJIANSHI。BUGUO,ZHENGHUANGONGDEDONGQIANTAOMINGBINGBUSHIWEILEZIJI,ERSHIWEILEZHENGGUODEBAIXING,YINER,LIANGNIANHOU,FASHENGLEQUANRONGZHIHUO,ZHENGHUANGONGYUYOUWANGYITONGZAILISHANBEIQUANRONGSUOSHA,ERTAGUONEIDEBAIXINGQUEDUOGUOLEZHANLUAN。

  

  ZHENGGUODONGQIANHOU,ZAIXIANZAIDEHENANXINZHENGJIANDOU,DANGSHIDEXINZHENGKEWEISHIYIKUAIXINDETUDI,YOUDAIKAIFA。《ZUOCHUAN》ZHAOGONGSHILIUNIAN,ZHENGGUODAFUZICHANHUIYISHUO:“XIWOXIANJUNHUANGONGYUSHANGREN,JIECHUZIZHOU,YONGCIBIOUYIAISHACIDI,ZHANZHIPENGHAOLIHUO,ERGONGCHUZHI。”KEJIANQIKAIFAZHIJIANNAN。

  

血战麻将  CHUZHENGGUOYIWAI,YANGKUANXIANSHENGHAITONGGUODUIZHOUYUANKAOGUFAXIANDEJIAOZANGTEDIANDEYANJIU,ZHICHU,ZHEIXIEJIAOZANGDOUSHIYUANXIANJUZHUZAIZHOUYUANDEDAXIAOGUIZUWEILELINSHIBINANERMAIZANGDE。YUZHENGHUANGONGLEISIDESHILINGYIGEZHOUQINGSHIHUANGFU,ZHEISHIYIGEWEIFEIZUOEDEDACHEN,TAWEILEBASOUKUOLAIDECAIHUIBAOHUHAO,YEZAIZHONGYUANDIQUJIANLIXINDECHENGSHI,《SHIJING·SHIYUEZHIJIAO》YISHIJIUFENGCILETADEZUOFA。KEJIAN,ZAIDANGSHIDEQINGSHIXIA,ZHOUGUIZUDEDALIANGDONGQIAN,SHIBIDAIDONGPINGMINBAIXINGDEDONGQIAN,DONGQIANCHENGLEDANGSHIDEYIGEDAQUSHI。

  

  YANGKUANXIANSHENGSHUODEHAO,ZHOUGUIZUYUPINGMINDEDONGQIAN,YIFANGMIANJIAJULEZHOUWANGSHIDEBENGKUI,LINGYIFANGMIANYECUIDONGLEZHONGYUANDEKAIFA。PINGWANGDONGQIANJIUSHIZAIZHEIZHONGBEIJINGZHIXIAJINXINGDE。SHUODAODI,PINGWANGDONGQIANHAISHISHENHOUDENGGUIZUWEILENENGGOUJINYIBUKONGZHITIANZIERCAIQUDEJIJICUOSHI。TAMENBINGMEIYOUQUSIKAOFUGUO,GENGDUODESHIXIANGZHEZIJIDELIYI。PINGWANGDONGQIANDUIZHURUZHENGWUGONGZAINEIDEJIGEREXINZHUHOUWUYIDAILAILEBUSHAOHAOCHU。ZHENGGUOZAOJIUQIANDAOLEZHONGYUAN,RANGTIANZISUIZHIDONGQIAN,YOULIYUKONGZHITIANZI;QINMUGONGBENJIUSHIYOUWANGZHISHINEILUANDEZUIDASHOUYIZHE,DONGQIANHOU,WANGSHIDIUXIADETUDI,HOULAIDOUCHENGLEQINGUODESHUDI,GUMUGONGHELEBUWEI?JINWEIDENGGUOTONGYANGCHUYUZHEIZHONGXINTAI,ERJIJIPAIBINGBAOHU。ZIWANGSHIDONGQIANZHIHOU,JIGONGYUANQIAN770NIANZHIQIAN707NIANZHANGDALIUSHIDUONIANDESHIJIANLI,ZHOUWANGSHIJIUZHUYAOYIKAOJIN、ZHENGLIANGGUODEZHICHIHEBAOHU。《ZUOCHUAN》SUOSHUO“WOZHOUZHIDONGQIAN,JINZHENGSHIYI”,QISHIZHIYINGGAIFANGUOLAISHUO,SHI“WANGSHISHIYI”。

  

  JIEXIALAIDEWENTIJIUSHI:WEISHENMEPINGWANGDONGQIANZHIHOU,WANGSHIHUISHUAILUODENEIMEKUAINI?QIZHONGYOUYIGEGENBENDEYUANYINJIUZAIYU,LINGYIBUFENZHUHOUDUIYOUWANGZHISIHEPINGWANGDEJIWEIYUDONGQIANXINYOUHUAIYI,SHENZHIBUMAN。CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANGLAISHUO,JIUSHIYOUWANGZUIBUDANGSI,PINGWANGJIWEIBUZHENG,ZHOUPINGWANGDEHEFAXINGSHENZHIDOUSHOUDAOZHUHOUDEZHIYI。

  

  ZICIYIHOU,MOGUAIZHUHOUDUIWANGSHIBUGONG,SHIYINGSHIZHEICHANGNEILUANSUODAOZHIDEEGUOSUOZHI。《SHIJING》“WANGFENG”ZHONGYOUYISHOU《YANGZHISHUI》,XIEDEJIUSHIBEIZHOUPINGWANGPAIQIANDAOSHEN、FU、XUDENGGUOZHUSHOUDEZHOUBING,BUMANYUYUANSI:“BIQIZHIZI,BUYUWOSHUSHEN(FU、XU)”,SHIBINGMENMAIYUAN,WEISHENMESHEN、FU、XUGUODERENBULAIHEWOMENYIQIZHANGANGFANGSHAONI?MINGYISHANGSHIFANGZHICHUGUORUQINZHOUZHIMENHU,SHIJISHITIPINGWANGDEMUJIADANGKANMENGOU。

  

血战麻将  ZHEIJIUSHIDONGQIANDENEIMU。DONGQIANDEZUIDAHOUGUO,JIUSHIZHIJIEDAOZHILEZHOUWANGSHIGUOLIDEJINYIBUSHUAIWEI,CONGCIYIHOU,WANGSHIZAIYEWULIXIGU,YIZHIYUHOULAIWANGSHIDACHENCHUCHALAIDAOZHOUZHIGUDOU,JIANDAOHESHULILI,BUJINBEICONGZHONGLAI,BUKEZIJIN。BUJINWANGSHICONGCIYIJUEBUZHEN,JIULIANCIHOUDEZHOUTIANZICONGCIDOUYAOSHOUZHIYUREN,ZHOUTIANZIMINGWEITIANXIAGONGZHU,SHIJISHANGLUNLUODAOHAIBURUYIGEZHUHOUGUOJUNDEDIBU。

  

血战麻将  YIJUHUA,PINGWANGDONGQIAN,SHISHIWUKENAIHEDEZHOUPINGWANGDEYIZHECHOUQI,MEIMEIDUDAOZHEILI,BIZHEXINLIZONGGANKAIWANFEN:ZHEIYIQIAN,ZHENSHILISHIBUNENGCHENGSHOUZHIBIAN!

Tags: 周平王
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