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评价乾隆皇帝的成功与失败之处

时间:2017-06-26来源:历史故事网 作者:

  清朝乾隆皇帝是中国历史上最伟大的皇帝之一。他在位期间,取得了辉煌的政治成绩,乾隆本人更是创下了几项历史之最,但是他也犯下了致命错误。那么,乾隆皇帝的功与过有哪些呢?

  

  XIANSHUOSHUOQIANLONGDEGONG。QIANLONGYISHENGDEDASHI,QUDELEHUIHUANGDETONGZHICHENGJI。KEYIYONGLISHIJILULAISHUOMING。

  

  YISHIRENKOUCHUANGLISHIJILU。ZHIQIANYOUWENZIJIZAIDEZUIDUOSHIQIQIANWANZUOYOU。QIANLONGLIUNIAN,RENKOUTONGJISHIYIYISIQIANWAN;QIANLONGWUSHIWUNIAN,RENKOUTONGJIJIANGJINSANGEYI。WUSHIDUONIANSHIJIAN,QIANLONGRANGQINGCHAODERENKOUFANLEYIFAN。ZHEISHILEBUQIDECHENGJI。

  

  ERSHIJINGJIZONGLIANGZHANDANGSHISHIJIEDIYI。QIANLONGSHIQIDEGDPZHANSHIJIEJINGJIZONGLIANGDESANFENZHIYI,ZHIZAOYEZONGLIANGSHIDANGSHIYINGGUODEBABEI,EGUODELIUBEI。JINGJIXUEZHEZUO《BAIYINZIBEN》YISHUSHUO,DANGSHIDEQINGCHAO,BUDANSHIGUOJIMAOYITIXIDEZHONGXIN,ERQIEZAISHIJIEJINGJIZHONGYEZHANYOUZHIPEIDIWEI。

  

  SANSHIBANTUCHUANGQINGDAIJILU。QIANLONGERSHISINIAN,QINGCHAODEBANTUKUOZHANDAO1380WANPINGFANGGONGLI。ERQIEQIANLONGCHAOBUDANBANTUJUDA,ERQIEDUIBIANJIANGDIQU,JIBENDOUSHIXIANLEYOULIDEZHENGZHIGUANXIAHEJUNSHIKONGZHI。ZHEISHILICHAOLIDAIDOUBUNENGBIDE。

  

  SISHIXIUDING《SIKUQUANSHU》。QIANLONGHUANGDIXIUDINGDE《SIKUQUANSHU》SHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGDEZISHUZUIDUODESHU,GONGBAWANJUAN,JIUYIJIUQIANQIBAIWANZI。CONGYISHANGKAN,ZHENGZHI、JINGJI、JUNSHI、WENHUASHANGQIANLONGCHAODOUCHUANGZAOLELISHIDEDINGFENG。

  

  ZAISHUOSHUOQIANLONGDEGUO。QIANLONGFANXIADESANDAZHIMINGCUOWU:

  

  QIANLONGDIYIGECUOWU,QINSHENHUILEZIJICHUANGZAODESHENGSHI。QIANLONGWANNIAN,JIAOAOZIDA,TANTUXIANGSHOU,JIAOSHEYINYI,RANGDAQINGDEZHENGZHICHUXIANLEYANZHONGDEFEICHI,YINFADAQINGZHENGTANSHANGYIGUQUANMIANDETANDUZHIFENG,DAOZHIBAILIANJIAOQIYI,SHIDAQINGCONGJISHENGZOUSHANGLEZHONGSHUAI。

  

  ERSHIDAXINGWENZIYU。QIANLONGSHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGGAOWENZIYUZUIDUODEYIGEHUANGDI。QINGCHAOYIQIANWENZIYUBINGBUDUO,DAOLEKANGYONGQIANSANDAICAIJIANJIANDUOLEQILAI,KANGXIBUDAOSHISHIQI,YONGZHENGSHIERSHIQI,QIANLONGSHIYIBAISANSHIQI。QIANLONGCHAODEWENZIYUZONGLIANGCHAOGUOLISHIZONGHE。TONGSHIQIANLONGYESHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGHUIMIETUSHUZUIDUODEYIGEHUANGDI。

  

  DISANGECUOWUSHIWUPANSHIJIEDASHI,CAIQULECUOWUDEWAIJIAOSHOUDUAN。QIANLONGSHENGHUODESHIDAI,ZHENGSHIRENLEILISHISHANGFASHENGKONGQIANBIANHUADESHIDAI。GONGYUAN1730NIAN,YINGGUORENKAIYIFAMINGLEFEISUO,JIEKAILEGONGYEGEMINGDEXUMU。QIANLONGSANSHISINIAN,WATEFAMINGLEZHENGQIJI,BIAOZHIZHEJIXIEHUADASHENGCHANYIJINGKAISHI。SHIJISHANG,DANGSHIQINGCHAOSHIYOUJIHUILEJIESHIJIEFAZHANDE。KANGXIDUIXIFANGWENHUAGANXINGQU,BINGDUIWEIXIEYOUSUORENSHI。QIANLONGQUEMEIYOUZHEIYANGDERENSHI。

  

  SUIRANQIANLONGSHIQI,GONGZHONGYOUHENDUOXIYANGDECHUANJIAOSHIHEBOLAIPIN,QIANLONGYEFEICHANGZHONGBIAOHEWANJU,DANTADUIXIFANGWENMINGBUGANXINGQU。TAZIRENWEITIANCHAOWUSUOBUYOU,ZAISHIJIEQUANQIUHUAFAZHANDEGAOSUSHIQI,TACAIQUBIGUANSUOGUOZHENGCE,RANGXIFANGGUOJIARENSHIDAO,ZAIQINGCHAOFANHUADEBIAOXIANGBEIHOUSHIKONGXUDEGUOFANGSHILI。QIANLONGLUOHOUDEWAIJIAOSIWEIHECUOWUWAIJIAOSHOUDUAN,DUIHOULAIGUOSHIDESHUAIRUO,SHIFUYOUHENDAZERENDE。

Tags: 乾隆
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