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乾隆为何下江南?乾隆几次下江南?

时间:2016-09-29来源:历史故事网 作者:

  乾隆为何下江南?乾隆几次下江南?

  

  JIANGNANDIFANG,QIHOUWENHE,WUCHANFENGFU,HAIYOUPIAOLIANGDEGUNIANG,SHIGEHUAHUASHIJIE,LIDAIHUANGDIDOUYUANYIDAOJIANGNANQUYOUSHANWANSHUI,XUNFANGLIEYAN。MINGCHAODEZHENGDEHUANGDIYOUJIANGNAN,BUJIUZAIMEILONGZHENYANCHUGUOYICHU《YOULONGXIFENG》DEXIJUMA?

  

  QIANLONGHUANGDI,YISHENGZHONGXIANHOULIUCIXIAJIANGNAN。

  

  《乾隆下江南》着名画家:陈清泉

  

  TAZHEIYANGPINFANDIDAOJIANGNANQU,GANSHENME?GUANFANGDESHUOFAHEJIZAI,SHUOSHIQUKAOCHASHUILI,YINWEIZHEJIANGDEQIANTANGJIANGHAICHAOCHONGSHUADIAN,POHUAILIHENQIANG,RUHEJIAGU,DIFANGGUANYIJIANBUYI,SUOYIBIXUHUANGDIQINZIQUKAOCHA。

  

  ZHEIYANGDELIYOU,DANGRANSHIGUANMIANTANGHUANGDE。DANSHIWEILEYITIAOHAIDI,YONGDEZHEHUANGDIQINZIQUKANME?YONGDEZHEXIANHOULIUCIQUKANME?HEKUANGQIANLONGBINGBUSHISHUILIZHUANJIA,JIBIANXUYAOHUANGDIQINZIPAIBANDINGDUO,ZHIYAOHUANGDIZAIYIGEZHENZHENGDONGSHUILIDEGUANYUANPEITONGXIAQINZIQUKANYICI,RANHOUWEIPAIZHEIGEZHUANJIAQUDUBAN,YINGGAIWANQUANKEYILE。KESHITAMEICIXIAJIANGNAN,ZHIJIANTADAIZHETAIHOUHEAIFEI,YEMEIJIANTADAIZHENAGESHUILIZHUANJIAYA!

  

血战麻将  ZHENGYINWEIDONGJIMUDEFANCHATAIDA,SUOYIMINJIANBUTAIXIANGXINHUANGDIXIAJIANGNANSHI“YINGONGCHUCHA”。YINWEI,HUANGDI“CHUYICICHA”,DONGZHESHANGQIANREN。ZHEIYANGPANGDADEZUZHIHEDONGJING,RUGUOJINJINWEILE“KAOCHASHUILI”,SHIBUSHITOUZITAIDA,DEBUCHANGSHIA?SUOYI,LAOBAIXINGDEDIYIGEXIANGFA,JIURENWEIHUANGDISHIDAOJIANGNANQUYOUSHANWANSHUIDE。——NEISHIQIANLONGSHIDAILAOBAIXINGDEXIANGFA。

  

血战麻将  DAOLEWANQINGSHIDAI,YOUYOULEZHEIYANGDESHUOFA:QIANLONGLIUXIAJIANGNAN,KAOCHASHUILI,ZHISHIBIAOMIANSHANGDE,CIYAODE;ERZHUYAODE、ZHENZHENGDEMUDE,SHIQUZHEJIANGHAININGKANWANGTA“ZHENZHENG”DESHENGSHENFUMU。——ZHEISHIZENMEYIHUISHIERNI?

  

  GENJU《QINGSHILU》DENGGUANFANGSHUJIDANGANDEJIZAI,QIANLONGHUANGDIHONGLIDEFUQIN,SHIYONGZHENGHUANGDIYINZHEN(yìnzhēnYINZHEN),MUQINSHISIPINDIANYILINGZHUZHINVNIUHULUSHI。DANSHI,HENZAOYIQIAN,JIUYOUYESHIHEMINJIANYAOCHUAN,SHUOQIANLONGBINGBUSHIYONGZHENGHUANGDIHEFEIZISUOSHENGDEERZI,ERSHIYONGZHENGDANGHUANGZIDESHIHOU,HEYIGEHANRENGONGNVSUOSHENG;SHENZHIGENBENJIUMEIYOUMANZUXUETONG,ERSHICHUNCUIDEHANRENHANNVDEERZI。

  

  ZUIWEILIUXINGDEYIZHONGCHUANSHUO,SHISHUOHONGLISHIHANGUANCHENGELAOCHENSHIGUANDEERZI。CHENSHIGUANSHIZHEJIANGHAININGREN,KANGXINIANJIANRUCHAOWEIGUAN,YUYONGQINWANGJIACHANGYOULAIWANG。YOUYINIAN,YONGQINWANGDEXIFEIHECHENGELAODEFURENZAITONGYITIANSHENGXIALEHAIZI:XIFEISHENGDESHINVER,CHENJIASHENGDESHIERZI。XIFEIPAZIJIYINSHENGLEGENVERHUISHICHONG,JIUHERUMUCHUANTONG,QINGCHENGELAOJIABAFURENSHENGDENANHAIBAOJINWANGFUQUKANKAN。CHENJIABANANHAIERSONGQU,DANGTIANWANGFUBAHAIZISONGCHULAI,CHENGELAOHUIDAOJIAZHONGYIKAN,ZIJIYUANLAIDENEIGENANHAIERYIJINGBIANCHENGLENVHAIER。CHENGELAOZHIDAOSHIGUANSHENJIAXINGMING,BUGANSHENGZHANG。NEIGEBAORUWANGFUDENANHAIER,JIUSHIHOULAIDEQIANLONGHUANGDIHONGLI。HONGLIJIWEIWEIDIYIHOU,CONGRUMUNEILIZHIDAOLEZHENXIANG,SUOYIXIANHOULIUCIXIAJIANGNAN,DAOHAININGCHENJIAQUTANWANGSHENGSHENFUMU。

  

血战麻将  QIANLONGYISHENGZHONGLIUCINANXUN,FENBIEZAIQIANLONGSHILIUNIAN(1751)、ERSHIERNIAN(1757)、ERSHIQINIAN(1762)、SANSHINIAN(1765)、SISHIWUNIAN(1780)、SISHIJIUNIAN(1784)。QIZHONGYOUSICIZHUBIZAIZHEJIANGHAININGCHENJIADEANLANYUANZHONG。——NANGUAIMINJIANYOUZHEIYANGQIANGLIEDEYILUN。

  

  ZUIZAOTICHUZHEIYISHUOFADE,SHIWANQINGTIANGU(ɡǔGU)SUOZHEDE《MANQINGWAISHI》ZHONG《HONGLIFEIMANZHOUZHONG》YIJIE。HOULAILUXUCHUBANDEXIAOSHUO,TEBIESHICAIDONGFAN、JINYONG、GAOYANGDENGRENDEYANYIXIAOSHUO,DOUCHICISHUO,ERQIEPANGZHENGBOYIN,JURAN“ZHENGJUQUEZAO”。YUSHIZAIFEISHIXUEJIE,ZHEIYISHUOFAZHONGKOUYICI,JIANZHISHENRUMINXIN,NONGDESHIXUEJIADOUWUKENAIHELE。

  

  GUANYUZHEIGEWENTI,XIANGXIKAOZHENGQILAI,NENGXIEYIBENSHU。WEIBIMIANLITITAIYUAN,ZHEILIBUXISHUOLE。JIANDANYIJUHUA,ZHEISHIWANQINGSHIDAIRENMENDEYIZHONGMINZUXINTAI:BAQIANLONGSHUOCHENGSHIHANREN,NEIQIANLONGYIHOUDELIDAIHUANGDI,QIBUJIUDOUSHIHANRENLE?

  

  QISHI,MANMENGZAOJIUTONGHUN,KANGXIDEZUMUXIAOZHUANGHUANGHOU,JIUSHIMENGGUREN。SUOYI,KANGXIJIUBUSHICHUNMANZUXUETONG。HOULAIMANHANTONGHUN,QINGHUANGSHINEIYENANMIANYOUMANHANHUNXUEER。ZHEIGEWENTI,LIANMANQINGHUANGSHIZIJIDOUBUTAIJIJIAO。

  

  GENJUJINDAISHIXUEJIAKAOZHENG,QIANLONGDEQUESHENGYUYONGHEGONG,MUQINSHIXIFEINIUHULUSHI。DANSHICHAZHENGCEFENGXIFEIDEZHAOSHU,QINGGONGDANGAN《YONGZHENGCHAOHANWENYUZHIHUIBIAN》YONGZHENGYUANNIAN(1723)YOURUXIAJIZAI:

  

  “YONGZHENGYUANNIANERYUESHISIRIFENGSHANGYU:ZUNTAIHOUSHENGMUYUZHI:CEFUJINNIANSHIFENGWEIGUIFEI,CEFUJINLISHIFENGWEIQIFEI,GEGEQIANSHIFENGWEIXIFEI,GEGESONGSHIFENGWEIYUPIN,GEGEGENGSHIFENGWEIMAOPIN。”

  

  KEJIANYONGZHENGDEFEIPINZHONGHANRENHAIZHENBUSHAO。GUANJIANSHIHONGLIDESHENGMUXIFEIQIANSHI,ZAIHONGLIBEILIWEIHUANGCHUZHIHOU,JIUGAIXINGNIUHULUSHILE:ZHEISHIWEILEXIANSHIHONGLISHICHUNMANZUXUETONG,CHUYUZHENGZHIDEXUYAO,XIFEIBUDEBUBAISIPINDIANYILINGZHUZUOGANDIE,DINGLEGEMANXINGNIUHULUSHI。ZHEIYANGKANLAI,SHUOQIANLONGHUANGDIYOUYIBANERHANZUXUETONG,DAOSHICHENGLIDE。

  

血战麻将  GENJUQIANZHIBING《GUANYUQIANLONGSHENGMUZUIXINKAOZHENGDEZUIZHONGJIEGUO》YIWENZHONGSUOSHUO:“QIANLONGZHIMUQIANSHI(1692—1777),SHIZHEJIANGJIAXINGQIANLUNGUANGYUQIQISHUHUAJIACHENSHU(1660—1736)ZHIYOUNV,SHIXINGBUSHANGSHUQIANCHENQUN(1686—1774)DEMEIMEI。”

  

  QIANCHENQUN“LISHIKANGXI、YONGZHENG、QIANLONGSANCHAO,YOUDEQIANLONGDIDEZUNCHONG,YIWEIRUCHEN,ERRENZHIJIANCHUJUNCHENZHIYI,YOUSHIWENZIZHIJI,QIANLONGCHENGZHIWEI‘GUREN’。QIANCHENQUNMEIYOUSHIZUOJINCHENG,QIANLONGBIQINBITISHIHUIZENG。TATUIXIUHOU,RENGLVCISHENGQIAN,JIASHANGSHUXIAN、JINTAIZITAIBAO。QIANLONGDICIZHIYI‘SHIQUANFENG’,CHANGJIZIJIDESHIZUO,QINGQIANCHENQUNHEZUO。TASHUCIQUBEIJING,WEIHUANGTAIHOUHEQIANLONGDIZHUSHOU,BINGTONGQIANLONGDIDAOSAIWAIWEICHANGXINGLIE,BINGCANJIA‘XIANGSHANJIULAOHUI’。QIANLONGSHILIUNIAN(1751),QIANCHENQUNSHOUCIHUCONGGAOZONGSHENGJIANANXUN,BINGSUIJIAQIANWANGCI(ZHIQIANSHIDEZUXIANWUYUEWANGQIANLIU)PEIJI。QIANLONGERSHIERNIAN(1757),QIANCHENQUNERCIHUCONGGAOZONGSHENGJIANANXUN,ZAICISUIJIAQIANWANGCI,QIANLONGCIYUSHIBAOYANGQIANSHIXIANLIE。QIANLONGERSHIQINIAN(1762),GAOZONGDISANCINANXUNSHI,QIANCHENQUNYIGAOGUIZAIJI,JIFUCHANGZHOUGONGYINGSHENGJIA,BINGHUCONGWUXI、SUZHOU、JIAXING、HANGZHOUDENGDI,ZAICISUIJIAQIANWANGCI,BINGXIETAIZHOUZUSUNQIANXUAN,YICHUANSHITANGCITIEJUAN(QUAN?)JINCHENGYULAN,QIANLONGCIYUZHITIEJUAN(QUAN?)GEYISHOU”。

  

  CIWAI,“QIANCHENQUNDEXUESHENGAGUI、LIUYONG、JIYUNDENGBEISHOUQIANLONGZHONGYONG……QIANCHENQUNDEZISUNSHIDAIBAOKUONVXU、ZURENJUNWEICHAOTINGZHONGCHEN,KEJIANQIANCHENQUNYUQIANLONGMUZIDEGUANXIFEITONGXUNCHANG,KONGPAYIBANQINQIGUANXISHIWUFAZUODAOZHEIYIBUDE”。

  

  GENJUZHEIYISHUOFA,ZAIGENJUQIANLONGLIUCINANXUN,SICIDOUDAIZHETAMUQINQIANSHI——NIUHULUSHIXIAJIANGNAN,FENMINGYOURANGLAOMUFANHUIJIANGNANLAOJIAKANKANDEYISI。DISICINANXUN,QIANSHI——NIUHULUSHIYIJINGBASHIDUOSUI,SHANGQIEXINGZHIBOBODINANXIA;DIWU、DILIULIANGCINANXUN,RUGUOLAOMUBUSHIYIJINGGUQU,KONGPAHAIYAODAIZHENI!

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