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明英宗朱祁镇:史上最忘恩负义的皇帝

时间:2014-02-07来源:历史故事网 作者:

  SHUOQIZHEIWEIMINGYINGZONGZHUQIZHEN,ZHENSHIHAOYOUYIBI:ZAIBEIJINGGAOFENGSHIDUANKAICHE——-SHENGBUWANDEQI。

  

  先说年号问题,明朝皇帝血战麻将,在位时间再长,年号也只有一个,惟独他特殊,在位总共不过十五年,年号却有两个,前一个叫正统,后一个叫天顺。倒不是因为他非要搞特权,两个年号之间,是由一大串可气的事穿起来的。

  

血战麻将  XIANSHUOZHENGTONGCHAO,CHABUDUOSHIDIQIURENDOUZHIDAODE,ZHEIMEDUODEZHONGLIANGGANCAITABUXINREN,PIANCHONGXINYIGEJIAOSHUXIANSHENGCHUSHENDETAIJIANWANGZHEN,YIGANYANDANGBAGUOJIAHUOHAIDEWUYANZHANGQI。HOULAIWACIFANBIAN,ZHONGCHENLIANGJIANGDEKUQUANBUTING,PIANTINGSITAIJIANCUANDUO,FEIYAOYUJIAQINZHENG,DAIZHEJISHIWANRENNIUQIHONGHONGCHULEZHANGCHENG,ANSHUOJIRANQINZHENGNIJIUHAOHAODAA,TABU,ZOUDAOBANDAOYOUHOUHUILE,LIANDIRENYINGDOUMEIJIANZHECHEBING,CHEBINGMECHEDEKUAIDIANA,PAOHAIMEIPAOCHENG,RANGRENJIAWEIZAITUMUBAOBAOLEJIAOZI,XILIHUTUYICHANGHUNZHAN,JISHIWANDAJUNQUANSIGUANG,LIANBENRENDOUDANGLEFULU,DIURENDAORUCI,BUSHIKEQIME。

  

血战麻将  TABEIZHUADAOMENGGUGAOYUANSHANGQUKENSHENGYANGROULE,LANZHANGZONGYAOYOURENSHOUSHI,HUANGDIRANGRENBANGLE,DIRENDADAOJIAMENKOULE,ZONGBUCHENGXUESONGCHAOLAIGEYIGUANNANDUBA,HAIHAOYOUTAQINDIDIJITASHOUSHI,DIDIZHUQIYUJICHENGDIWEI,GAINIANHAOWEIJINGTAI,KEQIDEZHENGTONGCHAOZONGSUANJIESHULE。JINGTAIDIXINYONGLIANGCHENYUQIAN,CHENGGONGZUZHIBEIJINGBAOWEIZHANDAKUADIREN,ZAIYUNYONGWAIJIAOYALI,BIDEWACIBAYINGZONGFANGHUILAIDANGTAISHANGHUANG,ZONGSUANBUYONGXUESONGHUIZONGNEIYANGKESITAXIANG。ZUOTENGBANTIAN,ZUZONGJIANGSHANCHADIANDIULEBUSHUO,HUANGWEIYEZUOTENGMEILE,ZHEIYANGDENAOJU,BUGUAITAZIJIME。

  

血战麻将  SUISHISHASHIBAISHIYILUOKUANG,DANSHARENZONGSUANYOUSHAFU,SUISHUOHUANGWEIMEILE,MINGHAISHIBAOZHULE,HUILAISHUSHUFUFUGUOTAISHANGHUANGDERIZIDAOYEBUCUO,KETABUXIAOTING,LABANGJIEPAIPEIZHISIRENSHILI,JINIANHOUCHENZHEDIDIBINGZHONGGAOLECHANG“DUOMENZHIBIAN”。DUOHUILEHUANGWEIBUSHUO,SHANGTAIDIYIJIANSHIJIUSHISHADIAOLEGONGCHENYUQIAN。BINGBADANGCHUBEIJINGBAOWEIZHANDEGONGCHENMENLAILEGEDAQINGXI,ZHANGWOCHAOZHENGDAQUANDEQUANSHIRUXUYOUZHEN,SHIHENG,CAOJIXIANGZHEIYANGDEJIANXIANXIAOREN。SUIRANGUOLEMEIJINIAN,ZHEIJIGERENYEBEIMINGYINGZONGQINGSUAN,XIAYUDEXIAYU(SHIHENG),CHONGJUNDECHONGJUN(XUYOUZHEN),BEISHADEBEISHA(CAOJIXIANG),KEMINGCHAODEZHENGZHIQIXIANG,ZENYIGEWUYANZHANGQILEDE。

  

血战麻将  HUANGWEIDUOHUILAILE,ZIRANJIUYAOGAINIANHAO。YUSHI,MINGYINGZONGGAINIANHAOWEITIANSHUN。CONGZHENGTONGNIANDAOTIANSHUNNIAN,DABAIZHANG,SHAZHONGLIANG,CHONGXIAOREN,LUANGUOJIA,JINSHITABANDEBAISHI,MEIMEIDUSHIDAOCI,BUZHIYOUDUOSHAORENQIDEZHIDUOSUO。

  

  KEZHENGTONGCHAODESHIBIJINGNIANTOUYUANLE,ZHENZHENGJIHOUSHIZANXIAMAFANDE,SHITIANSHUNCHAO。

  

  “TIANSHUN”ME,ZIMIANYISIJIANG,ZIRANYOUFENGDIAOYUSHUNDEYISI。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGSHUO,“TIANSHUN”CHAOSHIDAIDEMINGCHAO,YUNQIHAIZHENBUHUAI,BIEDEQIEBUSHUO,DANSHUOBANGGUOMINGYINGZONGPIAODEWACI,NEIZAITUMUBAOCHUANGXIAJIBAIMINGCHAOJISHIWANDAJUN,HUOZHUOMINGCHAOHUANGDIWEIYEDEWACISHOULINGYEXIAN,MEISIZAIDADUITOUMINGCHAOSHOULI,DAOZAINEIZHANZHONGBEIYIDAOKANSI。DAOLETIANSHUNCHAOSHIQI,WACIYOUHELINJUDADADAGEBUTING,YINCI,SUIRANSHAOLELIANGJIANGYUQIAN,DANZHONGTIANSHUNYICHAODEBIANJINGXINGSHI,HAIZONGSUANSHITAIPINGWUSHI。

  

血战麻将  BIANJINGWUSHI,GUANQIMENLAIGAOJIANSHEYEBUCUO,LAOBAIXINGME,YAODEBUJIUSHIGETAIPINGRIZI?KETIANSHUNCHAODESHI,QUEZHENGEBUTAIPING。XIANSHIYONGLIYINGZONGFUWEIDESANYUANMENGJIANG:DAXUESHIXUYOUZHEN,WUJIANGSHIHENG,TAIJIANCAOJIXIANG,XIANGHUZHIJIANXIANGANQIZHANGLAI,LABANGJIEPAI,NIZHENGWOQIANG,ZUIHOUXIANGJIBAIWANG,SUISHUOMEIRESHENMEDAHUO,KECONGTIANSHUNCHUNIANDAOTIANSHUNWUNIAN,ZHEIBANGRENLAIHUIZHETENG,ZHIYUGUOJIAJIANSHEZHILEIDEZHENGSHI,NEISHIGUBUSHANGLE。

  

  ANSHUOGUANCHANGDOUZHENG,XIAORENDEZHI,SHENGSHIYEHAO,SHUAISHIYEHAO,DOUSUANSHIXUNCHANGSHI。FENGJIANSHIDAI,ZHIYAOYOUMINGJUNZUOZHEN,YINSHILIDAO,FEIDANREBUCHUSHENMEMAFAN,GAOHAOLEYENENGYOUGEGUOTAIMINANNI,ZHIYUDANGSHIDEHUANGDIMINGYINGZONGZHUQIZHENMA…………

  

血战麻将  ZHUQIZHENZHEIREN,RAOSHIBANLEZHEIGEDUOSHASHI,KENIYAOSHUOTASHIHUNJUN,HAIZHENYOUDIANYUANWANGTALE。

  

  JIUNATUMUBAOZHIBIANLAISHUO,YUJIAQINZHENGBEIZHUALEFULU,JINLEMENGGURENDEZHANFUYING,ANSHUOGOUDIURENLE,KETABU,DANGQIUTUHAIDANGCHUSHUIPINGLAILE,RIZIMEIDUOJIU,CONGMENGGURENDEKANSHOU,DAONEIXIEGENTADAGUOJIAODAODEXUDUOMENGGUJIANGJUN,SHENZHIDAOWACISHOULINGYEXIANDEDIDIBOYAN,QUANHETACHENGLEHAOPENGYOU,YIGEGEDUITASIXINTADI。SHENZHINEIWEIBOYANJIANGJUN,DUOCIWEILEFANGBUFANGTAHUIGUODEWENTIJINGRANHEQINGEGEYEXIANCHAODELIANHONGBOZICU。DAOLETABEIJIEHUIJINGCHENG,BOYANJIANGJUNQINZIXIANGSONG,YIZHIZOULEJISHILICAISALEIERBIE。ZHEIFENNINGJULI,NAXIANGGEHUNJUN,FENMINGSHIMINGJUNDEQIDUME

  

血战麻将  ZAISHUODAOGERENSISHENGHUOWENTI,ZHUQIZHENHETADEZHENGGONGQIANHUANGHOU,ZHENCHENGDESHANGZHONGGUOLISHISHANGYIDUIYOUMINGDEHUANNANFUQI,TABEIZHUADAOMENGGUDESHIHOU,QIANHUANGHOUKUHUAILEYANJING,BASHENSHANGSUOYOUZHIQIANDEDONGXIDOUSOULUOCHULAISONGDAOMENGGUNEIBIANQUSHUTA。WEILESHUOFUCHAOCHENYINGHUIYINGZONG,TAYISIXIANGZHENG,JIEGUOSHUAIQUELETUI。DAOLEZHUQIZHENBEIFANGHUILAIHOU,LIANGRENBEIYOUJINZAINANGONG,SHENGHUOKUNKU,GENGSHIKAOQIANHUANGHOUFANGSHAMAIQIAN,TIEBUJIAYONG。QIANHUANGHOUQINGSHEN,ZHUQIZHENYEZHUANQING,ZHONGDENGHUANGWEIYIHOU,DUIQIANHUANGHOUYIJIULIYUYOUJIA,FUQIENAIYISHENG,JINENGGONGHUANNANYOUNENGGONGANLE,ZHEIFENMOFAN,BIESHUOSHIHUANGDI,JIUSHIJINTIANNEIXIEYIYEBAOFUDEKUANYEMEN,NENGZUODAODEYOUYOUJIGE?

  

  QIDUBUFAN,RENPINYEBUCHA,ZHISHANGWENTINI?NIBUNENGBUCHENGREN,BANGUOZHEIMEDUOCUOSHIDEZHUQIZHEN,YOUSHIHOURANGNICONGMINGDENANYIZHIXIN。BEIQIUJINWACIDESHIHOU,TASHENBIANDETAIJIANXININGFANLESHUI,TOUBENDAOMENGGURENMENXIADANGLEHANJIAN,RIRICHUHUAIZHUYI,JICIDOUCHADIANZHITAYUSIDI。KEZHUQIZHENJUE,PIANWACISHUOZIJIJIDAMINGXIEQINBIXIN,YAODAMINGJIESHOUWACIDEYAOQIU。TIAOJIANZHIYOUYIGE:JIAOXININGQUSONGXIN。DENGZHEXININGLEDIANDIANDEJINLEDAMINGDIJIE,ZAOYIZHUNBEIHAODEMINGJUNJIANGSHIYIYONGERSHANG,JIANGQIWUHUADABANG,BUJIUJIUSUISHIWANDUAN。YUANLAI,ZHUQIZHENANDIPAISUICONGGENZHEXINING,BINGJIDAMINGBIANGUANJIANGLINGSONGQULEYAOQINSHAXININGDEQINBIXIN。YIZHANGZHITIAOJIUJIEJUELEWENTI,ZHEIFENCONGMING,NINENGSHUOTAHUTU?

  

血战麻将  ZAIJIUSHIHOULAIDUOHUANGWEI,YIYEZHIJIANQUDAILEZIJIDEDIDIZHONGZUOLEJIANGSHAN,HAIYOUTIANSHUNNIANJIAN,SHIHENG,XUYOUZHEN,CAOJIXIANGSANWEIQUANCHENXIANGJILUANZHENG,ZHUQIZHENLAYIGEDAYIGE,BUCHUJINIANJIUJIANGTAMENYIYISHOUSHIDIAO。ZHEIZHONGREN,SHUOTASHIHUTUCHONG?NEIRENSHEIDOUBUXIN。

  

血战麻将  LINGWAI,TAZAIWEIDESHIHOUYEZUOGUOYIXIEHAOSHI,ZUIZHEMINGDEDANGSHU“YOULAOZHIZHENG”。GUIDINGQUANGUOBAIXING,YOUQISHISUIYISHANGDELAOREN,ZHENGFUMEINIANFAFANGLIANGSHIQIANBO,JIUSHISUIYISHANGDEJIABEIGONGJI。LIUSHIWUSUIYISHANGDELAOREN,KEMIANFUGUANFUCHAYI。ZHEIDAGAISHISUANDESHANGSHIJIESHANGZUIZAODE“GUOJIAFULIZHENGCE”LE。RUCIKAN,ZHEIWEIHUANGDIDAREN,HAISHIHENYOURENQINGWEIDE。

  

血战麻将  KESHUODAODI,TAZHENBUSHIGEHAOHUANGDI。CONGMINGYEHAO,ZHUANQINGYEHAO,TADUDUQIANQUEYIYANGDAZHIHUI--ZHIGUO。

  

  治国就象下棋,黑白交错,恩威并施,要的是统筹把握全局的能耐,是切中要点问题的大谋略。朱祁镇聪明不假,可那都是小聪明,善良也不假,可也都是小恩惠,真正可以让国家富强的大智慧,他是最欠缺的。所谓黑猫白猫,抓住耗子是好猫,昏君贤君,治好了国家是明君,那些个他身上的种种“美德”,放到评价皇帝身上,除了增加点“八卦”外,统统白搭。(本文摘自:《被遗忘的盛世》,作者:张嵚。

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