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趣说古人取名 宋代出现五行八字

时间:2014-11-15来源:历史故事网 作者:

血战麻将  GUOQU,HAIZIRUXUEQIMENGSHI,DOUHUIQIYIGEZHENGSHIMINGZI,JISUOWEI“XUEMING”。MINGZI,ZAIXIANDAIRENKANLAISHIYIGECIER,YIGEYISI。DANZAIZHONGGUOGUDAI,“MING”HE“ZI”QUESHILIANGGEBUTONGDEGAINIAN。MINGJIUSHIMING,ZIJIUSHIZI。YOU“MING”HAIDEYOU“ZI”,SHIGUDAIYOUSHENFENZHEDE“BIAOPEI”。NEIME,GURENSHIRUHEQIMINGZIDE?GURENZAIQIMINGSHIYOUSHIRUHEXUAN“ZI”DE?

  

  先秦时期孩子3个月时由“父名之”

  

  《左传》记载申繻曾提出取名选字“五原则”

  

血战麻将  GURENZENMEXIANGDAOQIMINGZIDE?DONGHANWENZIXUEJIAXUSHENRENWEI,MINGZIZUICHUSHIYINYEWANXIANGYU、BIANSHIXUYAOERCHANSHENGDE,GU《SHUOWENJIEZI》CHENG,“MING,ZIMINGYE,CONGKOUCONGXI。XIZHEMINGYE,MINGBUXIANGJIAN,GUYIKOUZIMING。”

  

血战麻将  GUDAIYIBANZAIHAIZI3GEYUEDADESHIHOU,YOUFUQINQUMING,CIJI《YILI·SANGFU》ZHONGSUOWEI“GUZISHENGSANYUE,ZEFUMINGZHI。”ZHIYUQU“ZI”,ZEZAI20SUIXINGCHENGRENLI(GUANLI)SHIJINXING。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,HOUSHIJIUBUZHEIMEJIANGJIULE,YOUSHIHOUXIANQIGE“XIAOMING”HUOSHI“NAIMING”,LIUQISUIRUXUEQIMENGSHICAIQUZHENGSHIMINGZI。

  

血战麻将  QUMINGDEGUANJIANSHIXUANHAOZI,SHANGGUSHIQIBIJIAOJIANDAN,RUYINWANGGUDINGYONGTIANGANRUMING。DAOXIANQINSHIQI,QIMINGDEJIANGJIUKAISHIDUOLEQILAI。QUMINGDASHI、LUGUODAFUSHENXUCENGTICHUQUMINGXUANZI“WUYUANZE”:“YOUXIN,YOUYI,YOUXIANG,YOUJIA,YOULEI。”ZHEISHI《ZUOCHUAN·HUANGONGLIUNIAN》ZHONGSUOJI,NEISHIHUANGONGDETAIZICHUSHENG,BIANZIXUNSHENXUZENMEJITAIZIQUMING,SHENXUSUISHUOLEZHEIFANHUA。SHENXUDEJUTIJIESHISHI:“YIMINGSHENGWEIXIN,YIDEMINGWEIYI,YILEIMINGWEIXIANG,QUYUWUWEIJIA,QUYUFUWEILEI”。ZAIJUTIXUANZISHI,SHENXUQIANGDIAOYAO“BUYIGUO,BUYIGUAN,BUYISHANCHUAN,BUYIYINJI,BUYICHUSHENG,BUYIQIBI。”

  

  KONGZIMING“QIU”,JIUSHIQIFUAN“YILEIMINGWEIXIANG”DEYUANZESUOQUDE。KONGZISHENGXIAHOUBEIFAXIANTOUDINGTEBIE,SHIAOXIAQUDE,JISUOWEI“WEIDING”,GUQUMING“QIU”。ERKONGZIYOULEERZIHOU,QIAHAOLUZHAOGONGCITAYITIAOLIYU,TASUIJIERZIQUMING“LI”,ZHEIYOUSHIYI“QUYUWUWEIJIA”ZHIYUANZE。

  

  SHENXUDEQUMINGYUANZEFANYINGLEXIANQINSHIQIDEQIMINGFENGSU,QIHEXINSHI“BIHUI”。ZHONGGUOFENGJIANSHIDAIXINGMINGBIHUIFENGQIDALIUXING,ZUIZAOZHENGSHISHIYUXIANQIN。

  

  汉代取名流行用“单字”

  

  《春秋公羊传·哀公十三年》记载“二名非礼也”

  

  YUXIANQINXIANGBI,HANDAIDEQUMINGFENGSHANGYOUYOULEBUXIAODEBIANHUA。ZUNLAO、CHENGWEI、SHENFEN、DEXINGYILEIJINGQIANMEICICHENGWEIHANRENQUZISHIDESHOUXUAN,ZAIXIANQINRENCHANGYONGDEBO、ZHONG、SHU、JISIZIJICHUSHANG,YOUZENGJIALEYUAN、ZHANG、CI、YOU、SHAO、GONG、WENG、JUN、CHEN、HOU、BIN、SHI、MIN、LANGDENGZI。RU《YANTIELUN》ZHIBIRENHUANKUAN,ZI“CIGONG”;HANWUDISHIWEILIEJIUQINGDEZHUMAICHEN,ZI“WENGZI”。

  

  HANDAIZUIXIANMINGDEQUMINGTEZHENGSHI,CONGHUANGSHIDAOPUTONGLAOBAIXINGDOUYIDANZIQUMING,RUHANGAOZULIUBANG、HANHUIDILIUYING、HANWENDILIUHENG。ZAIDONGXILIANGHAN24WEIYOUMIAOHAODEHUANGDIZHONG,JINHANZHAODILIUFULINGQUDESHISHUANGZIMING,ZAIDENGJIHOUCHUYUBIHUIDEKAOLV,YECHUQU“LING”ZIGAICHENGLEDANZI“FU”。QUDANZIMINGZHIFENGDUIHOUSHIYINGXIANGSHENYUAN,RUTANGDAI,21WEIDIWANGZHONG,JINYOUTAIZONGLISHIMIN、XUANZONGLILONGJIWEISHUANGZIMING。NANSONGJIYIQIANDEHUANGDIDADUOSHUYESHIDANZIMING,YIZHIDAOMINGQINGSHIQIDANZIMINGCAIBEILENGLUO,ZAIMINGQINGLIANGCHAO28WEIHUANGDIZHONG,ZHIYOUMINGCHENGZUZHUDISHIDANZIMING。

  

  WANGMANGCUANHANJIANXINHOU,SHIDANZIMINGWEIGULI。ZAIWANGMANG“CHONGGU”DEYINGXIANGXIA,QUDANZIMINGJINYIBULIUXING。WEIHEHANDAIXIHUANDANZIMING?《CHUNQIUGONGYANGCHUAN·AIGONGSHISANNIAN》YOUZHEIYANGYIZHONGSHUOFA:“JINWEIDUOSHUAISHIQINWEI,CIJINWEIMANDUOYE。HEWEIWEIZHIJINWEIDUO?JIERMING,ERMINGFEILIYE。”JINDAFUWEIMANDUOSHUAIJUNDUIJINGONGWEIGUO,RENMENBUJIAOTAQUANMING,ERCHENG“WEIDUO”,SHIFENGCITAQUSHUANGZIMING,RENWEISHUANGZIMINGBUHELISHU。

  

  JIU“ERMINGFEILI”SHUO,MINGMOQINGCHUDAXUEWENJIAGUYANWUKAOZHENG,《CHUNQIUGONGYANGCHUAN》ZHONGCUOWUDILIJIELE“ERMING”DEYISI,YINGSHIYIRENYOULIANGMINGBUHELISHU,ERFEIQUERZIMING。

  

  魏晋南北朝时期取名青睐“之”字

  

  为《三国志》作注的南朝宋人叫斐松之

  

  北魏着名道士取名寇谦之

  

  魏晋南北朝时期,取二字名风气逐渐抬头,取名出现两大特点,一是助词“之”受宠,名字带“之”成时尚;二是父子、长幼之间用字不再避讳,名字中出现同字现象。比如王羲之、王献之,父子俩的名字中都有“之”字。www.ai-chen.com(百家姓

  

  DANGSHI,“ZHI”ZITEBIESHOUQINGLAI,DIWEIGAOZHEHUOQUANLIDAZHE,MINGZILIWANGWANGDOUDAI“ZHI”ZI,RUWEI《SANGUOZHI》ZUOZHUDENANCHAOSONGRENFEISONGZHI、BEIWEIZHEMINGDAOSHIKOUQIANZHI。DANGSHIHUANGZUDUI“ZHI”ZIYEQINGYOUDUZHONG,RUJINXUANDIDEDIDI、ANPINGXIANWANGJIAOSIMAFUZHI,ERZI、RUNANWANGJIAOSIMALIANGZHI,HOUDAIHAIYOUSIMAJINGZHI、SIMATANZHI……

  

  “ZHI”ZIRUMING,ZAIWEIJINSHIQIHAISHIYIZHONGSHIFOURUJIAODEBIAOZHI。RUHEBIANBIERUJIAOZHEHEFEIRUJIAOZHE,ZHIDAODUIFANGYUZIJITONGDAO?QUBIEJIUZAIYIGE“ZHI”ZI。HOULAI“WUDOUMIDAO”SHOULINGZHIYIDESUNENZUOLUAN,XUDUOMINGZHONGHAN“ZHI”DERENSHISHOUDAOQIANLIAN,BUSHAORENBEISHA,BIANZHENGMINGLEZHEIYITUIDUAN。DANGRAN,TANGSONGYIHOURENMINGZHONGZAIYONG“ZHI”ZIZEYUZONGJIAOWUGUAN,CHUNSHUYUYIZHONGXIHAO。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,RENMENQUMINGZISHIJINCIYU“ZHI”ZIDE,HAIYOUYIGE“SENG”ZI。RUNANCHAOLIANGYOUYIMINGJIANGLINGJIAOWANGSENGBIAN,LIANGWUDIDEYISHIJIAOYAOSENGYUAN……

  

  宋代出现“五行”“八字”配合起名

  

  朱元璋嫡孙惠帝命里缺“火”取名朱允炆

  

血战麻将  DAOTANGSONGSHIQI,YU、CHEN、RU、YOUYILEICHENGWEIZIYIJIKE、RU、SI、YEDENGYILEIYUZHUZI,KAISHISHOUDAOQINGLAI。

  

  SONGRENQUMINGHAICHUXIANYIZHONGFUGUQINGXIANG。HANDAIDEZUNLAOZI,RU“LAO、SOU、WENG”DENGCHANGRUMINGZHONG,RU《DONGJINGMENGHUALU》DEZUOZHEJIAOMENGYUANLAO;《HESHANJI》DEZUOZHEJIAOWEILEWENG。

  

  ZAISONGDAIJIYIHOU,QUMINGSHIRENWEISHEZHIDEXIANZHIMINGXIANDUOLEQILAI。CHULEKAOLVCHUANTONGDEBIHUI,QUMINGSHIHAIYAOJIANGYINYANGWUXING、SHENGCHENBAZI、SHENGXIAOSHUXIANG、WUGEPOUXIANG、BAGUALIUYAODENGDENG。ZHEIQIZHONG,YI“SHENGCHENBAZI”YU“YINYANGWUXING”PEIHERUMINGZUIWEILIUXING。SUOWEI“BAZI”YOUJIAO“SIZHU”,JIYIGERENDECHUSHENGNIAN、YUE、RI、SHIHEGANZHIZUCHENGDENIANZHU、YUEZHU、RIZHU、SHIZHU,SIZHUJIAQILAIGANGHAOSHI8GEZI。ER“WUXING”ZEYOUJIN、MU、SHUI、HUO、TU5GEZIZUCHENG,DAIBIAOBUTONGXINGZHIDEWUZHI。

  

  YI“BAZI”YUANLI,MINGLIQUESHAQUMINGSHIJIUBUSHA。RUMINGLIQUE“HUO”,JIUHUIQUDAI“HUO”DEZI。MINGTAIZUZHUYUANZHANGDEJIEBANREN、HUIDIMING“YUNWEN”,JIUSHIYINQIMINGLIQIANHUO,QUMINGSHICAIZHAOYIGEDAIHUODE“WEN”ZI。ZHEIXIANRANSHIYIZHONGMIXIN,HUIDIQIAQIASHIYINWEI“YIBAHUO”ERDIULEXINGMING——ZAI“JINGNAN”ZHONG,YUGONGZHONGFANGHUOZIFEN。

  

  SONGDAIQUMINGDELINGYIDABIANHUASHI“ZIBEIQUMINGZHI”KAISHILIUXING。ZHONGGUOPUXIZUIWANZHENGDEKONGSHIZUPU,JIUSHICONGBEISONGYUANFENGNIANJIANKAISHIBIANXIUDE。

  

  ZIBEIQUMINGYEJIAO“SHIDAIPAIMING”。ZAISONGYIQIAN,SUIYOUYIZIBEIQUMINGDEXIANXIANG,DANBINGBUPUBIAN。ZAISONGYIHOU,ZHEIYIQUMINGFANGFABIANCHENGWEIGURENQUMINGDEZHUYAOSHOUDUAN,FANTONGZONGTONGBEIZHE,JIEYONGYIGEGUDINGDEZIRUMING。

  

血战麻将  DAOLEMINGDAI,ZIBEIQUMINGZHIPUBIANLIUXING。MINGHUIDIZHUYUNWENMINGZHONGDE“YUN”ZI,BIANSHIBEIFENZI。DANGNIANZHUYUANZHANGJIZIJIDEERZIGE20ZIBEIFEN,TAIZIYIZHISHI:“YUNWENZUNZUXUN,QINWUDAJUNSHENG,SHUNDAOYIFENGJI,SHILIANGSHANYONGSHENG。”

  

  元代流行“数字”入名

  

  “莺莺”“圆圆”等重字双名

  

  被视为身份低贱者用名

  

血战麻将  ZAISUOYOUCHAODAIZHONG,SHUZIMINGZAIYUANDAIZUIWEILIUXING。YUANMOQIYIJUNSHOULINGZHIYIDEZHANGSHICHENG,YUANMING“JIUSI”,“SHICHENG”SHIYIDUSHURENXIANJITADE。JUSHUOCIMINGQISHISHIMATADE,YUCHU《MENGZI》:“SHI,CHENGXIAORENYE”,LINGWAIDUANJUJIUSHI,“SHICHENG,XIAORENYE”,ANJIZHANGSHICHENGBUXUEWUSHU。

  

  ZHEIZHONGSHUZIQUMINGFENGSU,SHIYUCHAOTINGZHENGCEYOUGUAN。ZAIYUANDAI,HANRENSHUMINWUZHIZHE,BUXUQUMING,ZHINENGYONGPAIXING、FUMUNIANLINGDENGLAICHENGHU,ZHEIDAGAISHIGUDAIXINGMINGGUANKONGDETELI。

  

  MINGZIQISHIJIUSHIYIGERENDEDAIHAO,DANDANGMINGZILIJIARUDONGJI、QINGGAN、JITUOHOU,BIANBIANDEBUZAIJIANDAN。MINGZIQIDEHAO,KEYIYINGXIANGRENDEYISHENG,FANZHIZEWEIMINGSUOLEI。NANSONGCHUNIAN,YOUGEJIAOQIANTANGXIUDERENJIUBEIZIJIDEMINGZIHAIDEBUQIAN。JUZHUANGCHUO《JILEIPIAN》JIZAI,DANGSHINANSONGGANGDINGDOUYOUMINGQIANTANGDELINAN(JINHANGZHOU),HUIJIYOUGEJIAOQIANTANGXIUDERENPOYOUSHENGWANG,BEIRENJUJIANJIZAIXIANGZHAODING,DANGAOZONGJIANCHIBUYONG,RENWEIMINGZIBUJILI:“QIANTANGSUIXIUHU?”

  

血战麻将  TANGSONGYIHOU,RENMENQIMINGJINLIANGKAOLVWENDANG、PINGAN,JIYUDIWANG、HUAIRENDENGZHONGMING,BUYONGXIONGZI、HUAIZI。BEISONGHUIZONGSHI,JIANGXIPINGLEXIANYOUGEJIAO“SUNQUAN”DEREN,YUSANGUOWUZHUTONGMING,YINCIBEIJUBAOTUMOUBUGUI,“YUYIJIANQIE”。

  

血战麻将  BUCHANSHENGQIYIYESHIGURENQUMINGSHIYAOZHUYIDE。《MINGHUANGYONGHUALEIBIAN》JIZAI,YOUGEXUEZIMINGJIAOSUNYUEGONG,CANJIAYONGLENIANJIACHENTINGSHIHUODIYIMING。ZHUDIKANDAOMINGZIHOUBULE,JUEDE“YUE”、“GONG”ERZIJIAQILAISI“BAO”ZI,YINGBAZHUANGYUANJILEDIERMINGXINGKUAN,SUNYUEGONGBIANCHENGLEBANGYAN。

  

  XIANGXIANDAILIUXINGDEZHONGZIMING、XINGMINGTONGZITONGYIN,YESHIGURENSUOJIHUIDE。MINGZIZHONGZIYOUJIAO“SHUANGMING”,ZAIGURENYANLISHISHENFENDIJIANZHEYONGMING,YIBANSHIQIE、QINGLOUNVZIDUOSHUANGMING,RUYUANZHENQIEMING“YINGYING”、QINHUAIMINGJI“CHENYUANYUAN”。NVZISHUANGMINGDUQILAI,RANGNANRENYOUYIZHONGYUYUEGAN,YOUSHENFENDEREN,TEBIESHINANRENBUQUZHONGZIMING。

  

  CHULEBIYONGBUYAZI,GURENQUMINGSHIHAIHENZAIYIZIDESHENGDIAO,QU“SHUANGSHENGDIEYUN”ZIRUMING,ZHEIYANGDUQILAIYINJIEXIANGLIANG,YINYUNYAZEDEZI,YUYIZAIHAO,JIEGOUZAIMEI,YEJINLIANGBUYONG。

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